DSAE test file

umpakati, noun

Forms:
amapagate, iphakathiShow more singular amapagate, iphakathi, umpagate; singular and plural amapakati, pakati, umpakati; plural amapagati, amapakate, amapakatie, amaphakathi, mapakathi, pacati, pagaki, pagate, pagatees, pagati, umpugarties.
Also with initial capital.
Plurals:
usually amapakati.
Origin:
Xhosa, ZuluShow more Xhosa and Zulu umphakathi, also iphakathi councillor (plural amaphakathi), noun prefix um- (or i-) + phakathi inside, within. For notes on singular and plural forms, see ama-, i-, um-.
In traditional Nguni societies: a. A member of the council, or inner circle of advisers, of a chief; heemraad sense 3; cf. induna (sense 1 a). b. Such a council; collectively, its members. Also figurative.
1803 J.T. Van der Kemp in Trans. of Missionary Soc. I. 436He (sc. Ngqika) has his counsellors (pagati) who inform him of the sentiments of his people, and his Captains admonish him with great freedom and fidelity, when he abuses his authority.
1991 F.G. Butler Local Habitation 162The high priest would rise and try to convince the disbelieving worshippers that he and his amapagati had indeed secured the best beast available.
A member of the council, or inner circle of advisers, of a chief; heemraad3;
Such a council; collectively, its members.

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18031991