inkudhla, nkundlaShow more Also inkudhla, nkundla, umkandhlu, and with initial capital.
Xhosa, ZuluShow more Xhosa and Zulu.
1. In traditional Nguni society: a meeting of the people of a village or area, held in the public courtyard at the gate of the cattle enclosure.Cf. kgotla sense 3. See also ibandla.
1897W.C. Scully inE.R. SearyS. Afr. Short Stories (1947) 33He took his departure for the ‘great place’ of the paramount Pondo chief, for the purpose of attending an umkandhlu, or ‘meeting for talk’, of which general notice had been given.
1923W.C. ScullyDaniel Vananda 20The ‘inkundla’ of Dalisile — the great court held at the entrance to the cattle enclosure, — where all important appeals from the decisions of the minor chiefs were finally adjudicated.
1979A. Kana inE. Prov. Herald 9 Feb. (Indaba) 7The crucial issue is whether the initiant can accept and act according to the instructions he receives from his elders at the inkundla.
1981Voice 22 Apr. 2The conference table or inkundla is always the best place or method of solving issues.
1990City Press 11 Feb. 6Rolihlahla seemed to enjoy listening to elders arguing in the traditional Inkundla.
1930S.T. PlaatjeMhudi (1975) 87At the end of three days Mzilikazi was up at an early hour. His inkundla was full of warriors.
1939N.J. Van Warmelo inA.M. Duggan-CroninBantu TribesIII.i. 25The Chief and his mapakathi met in Council in the principal hut (isigqeba), but lawsuits and gatherings of the people took place in the nkundla, the space between the huts and the cattle-kraal.
1955J.B. ShephardLand of Tikoloshe 22The inkundla — the space between the dwelling huts and the cattle kraal — was devoid of old tins, bones, rags, and empty bottles.
1970A. FultonI Swear to Apollo 47The doctor’s jeep..pulled up in a great cloud of dust in the in-kundla between the cattle-kraal and the huts of Debe’s u-mizi.
1988M. Mxotwa inDaily Dispatch 17 Dec.This was followed by a disciplined Xhosa dance (umtyityimbo) on the inkundla (the wedding arena).