inkundla, noun

Forms:
inkudhla, nkundlaShow more Also inkudhla, nkundla, umkandhlu, and with initial capital.
Origin:
Xhosa, ZuluShow more Xhosa and Zulu.
1. In traditional Nguni society: a meeting of the people of a village or area, held in the public courtyard at the gate of the cattle enclosure. Cf. kgotla sense 3. See also ibandla.
1897 W.C. Scully in E.R. Seary S. Afr. Short Stories (1947) 33He took his departure for the ‘great place’ of the paramount Pondo chief, for the purpose of attending an umkandhlu, or ‘meeting for talk’, of which general notice had been given.
1923 W.C. Scully Daniel Vananda 20The ‘inkundla’ of Dalisile — the great court held at the entrance to the cattle enclosure, — where all important appeals from the decisions of the minor chiefs were finally adjudicated.
1979 A. Kana in E. Prov. Herald 9 Feb. (Indaba) 7The crucial issue is whether the initiant can accept and act according to the instructions he receives from his elders at the inkundla.
1981 Voice 22 Apr. 2The conference table or inkundla is always the best place or method of solving issues.
1990 City Press 11 Feb. 6Rolihlahla seemed to enjoy listening to elders arguing in the traditional Inkundla.
2. In a traditional Nguni homestead: the public courtyard before the gate of the cattle enclosure. Cf. kgotla sense 1.
1907 W.C. Scully By Veldt & Kopje 61A few days afterwards the great council met at Kreli’s ‘Great Place,’ the exact spot of assembly being the ‘inkundhla,’ or gate of the big cattle enclosure.
1930 S.T. Plaatje Mhudi (1975) 87At the end of three days Mzilikazi was up at an early hour. His inkundla was full of warriors.
1939 N.J. Van Warmelo in A.M. Duggan-Cronin Bantu Tribes III. i. 25The Chief and his mapakathi met in Council in the principal hut (isigqeba), but lawsuits and gatherings of the people took place in the nkundla, the space between the huts and the cattle-kraal.
1955 J.B. Shephard Land of Tikoloshe 22The inkundla — the space between the dwelling huts and the cattle kraal — was devoid of old tins, bones, rags, and empty bottles.
1970 A. Fulton I Swear to Apollo 47The doctor’s jeep..pulled up in a great cloud of dust in the in-kundla between the cattle-kraal and the huts of Debe’s u-mizi.
1988 M. Mxotwa in Daily Dispatch 17 Dec.This was followed by a disciplined Xhosa dance (umtyityimbo) on the inkundla (the wedding arena).
a meeting of the people of a village or area, held in the public courtyard at the gate of the cattle enclosure.
the public courtyard before the gate of the cattle enclosure.

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18971990