1954W.D. Hammond-Tooke inA.M. Duggan-CroninBantu TribesIII.v. 34In times of national emergency a council of all the adult men of the tribe is called (ibandla).
1955E.A. RitterShaka Zulu 45It was the feature of these ibandla, or councils of war, that everyone was entitled freely to voice his opinions.
1978Voice 8 Nov. 10Whoever came with the suggestion to form an ibandla — residents’ committee — and why, nobody can tell with certainty.
1981J.B. PeiresHouse of Phalo 34The state apparatus of a Xhosa chief was not a standing bureaucracy of named officers, but a variable and shifting aggregation of people, usually referred to as his ibandla, or following.
1982M. MzamaneChildren of Soweto 194The Methodists, the Lutherans and members of other denominations..would all await their turn after the Anglicans whose territory, as it were, this was, as Muntu’s parents belonged to their ibandla.
1985L. Du Buisson inAvenue May 89King Goodwill called an ibandla of all his people at the royal capital at Nongoma.
1986P.A. McAllisterXhosa Beer Drinks. 6Meetings of the sub-ward court (ibandla) and of the Tribal Authority.
1988S. Meintjes inLaband & HaswellPietermaritzburg 1838–1988 66Conflicts between village members were solved in the customary court, ibandla.
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