DSAE test file

-stan, suffix

Hindi, South African EnglishShow more Suffix found in Hindi (in the form -sthān) and other Indo-Aryan languages, meaning ‘place’, ‘country’, and added to the name of a people to form the name of a state (e.g. Pakistan); in South African English first used in bantustan, probably modelled on Hindustan; later South African uses were in turn modelled on bantustan.
Especially during the apartheid era, used usually to deride the homeland policy of the National Party government, or to satirize the tendency towards separation in South African society. Added (frequently nonce) to the name of a people or group to create the name of their putative or proposed national state; added satirically to any word to illustrate the (effects of the) policies of apartheid, or to expose the ideas of conservative (white) people:
bantustan, see as a main entry;
Blackstan [coined by Stan Motjuwadi of Drum magazine], also attributive, or bundustan [see bundu; a reference to the remote locality of many of the ‘homelands’], a satirical name for a homeland (sense 1);
casinostan [a reference to the fact that casinos were allowed in the ‘homelands’, but not in South Africa];
Colouredstan [see coloured];
Griquastan [see Griqua];
homostan [formed on homosexual];
Kalaharistan [named for the Kalahari desert];
Mlungustan [coined by Drum magazine; see mlungu], a satirical name for ‘white’ South Africa;
multistan, see quotation 1974;
pluralstan [coined by Stan Motjuwadi of Drum magazine; see plural], see Blackstan;
Tsongastan [see Tsonga];
Tswanastan [see Tswana sense 2];
Vendastan [see Venda sense 1 a];
Verkramptstan [see verkramp] or Voortrekkerstan [see Voortrekker], a jocular name for a ‘homeland’ for conservative Afrikaners;
Whitestan, see Mlungustan;
Xhosastan [see Xhosa];
Zulustan [see Zulu].
1975 Drum 8 Nov. 2The Blackstan bookies are already making brisk business taking bets as just to who of the Blackstan leaders is going to accept an invite for the occasion.
1970 Daily News 26 MayNo mention is made in the regulations of the position of urban Zulus and whether or not they would have a stake in the Zulustan.
Hence stan noun rare, homeland sense 1; also attributive; -stania [+ English noun-forming suffix -ia], suffix added to a noun to form a place name, as Bantustania (see bantustan); so -stanian [+ English noun- and adjective-forming suffix -ian], suffix used to form nouns and adjectives, as Bantustanian (see bantustan), Blackstanian, mlungustanian, pluralstanian, etc.
1970 A.G. Ebrahim in 10th Anniversary of Sharpeville (P.A.C.) 9The fascist authorities in South Africa have systematically herded the vast majority of the people into so-called ‘stans’ which are made up of the 13% arid and semi-arid areas of South Africa.
1987 Drum Oct. 92There is a faded photograph showing some unknown pluralstanian signing a document with some mlungus.