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Griqua, noun

Forms:
Gauriqua, GrikwaShow more Also Gauriqua, Grikwa, Griquaa, Griquer, Guriqua.
Plurals:
Griquas, or unchanged.
Origin:
Khoikhoi, NamaShow more Etymology obscure: perhaps adaptation of Khoikhoi !ke //kwa people; or adaptation of Chariguriqua, later Grigriqua (see quotation 1986), from Nama ≠Karihuriqua (‘the small tribe which lives at the sea’), a Khoikoi people living north of the Cape settlement in the 17th century; or from name of a clan ancestor, Xiri.
1. A member of a people of mixed Khoikhoi (probably Grigriqua), white, and black African origin, now living mainly in East Griqualand (in the province of KwaZulu-Natal) and Griqualand West (in the Northern Cape Province); also called Bastard Hottentot. Also attributive. See also Bastard noun sense 1, Chariguriqua.
1731 G. Medley tr. of P. Kolben’s Present State of Cape of G.H. I. 78Next to the Damaquas, lie the Gauros or Gauriquas.
1989 [see No Man’s Land sense 1].
2. combination
Griqualand, a name given to those areas (once) inhabited by Griquas, especially Griqualand West (see quotation 1989) and East Griqualand (or Griqualand East), the area round Kokstad; hence Griqualander noun, an inhabitant of either area. See also No Man’s Land sense 1.
1840 C.A. Kinloch in Echo 26 Oct. 2This noble stream (sc. the Orange River)..divides the district of Colesberg from Griqualand, a wide tract of land inhabited by the Bastards.
1994 Weekend Post 22 Oct. 4Hands off Kokstad, say Griqualanders.
A member of a people of mixed Khoikhoi (probably Grigriqua), white, and black African origin, now living mainly in East Griqualand (in the province of KwaZulu-Natal) and Griqualand West (in the Northern Cape Province); also called Bastard Hottentot. Also attributive.

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17311994