Bastard, noun and & adjective

Also Baastaerd, Bastaard, and with small initial.
South African Dutch, DutchShow more Calque formed on South African Dutch bastaard one of mixed racial ancestry, from Dutch bastaard, baster ‘bastard’.
A. noun
1. In historical contexts. A person of mixed ethnic origin, usually Khoikhoi and white or Khoikhoi and black; Baster noun sense 1. Also attributive. See also Bastard Hottentot, coloured noun sense a, Griqua, Hottentot sense 4 a.
Current until the late 19th century, the name was accepted as a title of distinction.
During the nineteenth century, groups of Bastards migrated northwards and formed new communities recognised as distinct clans (the largest of which became known as Griquas and Basters).
1786 G. Forster tr. of A. Sparrman’s Voy. to Cape of G.H. II. 27We fixed our resting-place at the distance of a few gun-shots from a clan of bastards, or Hottentot-Caffres, who are the offspring of the mixture of both these nations.
1790 tr. of F. Le Vaillant’s Trav. II. 163I mean to speak of the natural children which have sprung from an intercourse of the Whites with the female Hottentots, or between these same women and the negroes. They are commonly known at the Cape under the appellation of Bastards.
1810 G. Barrington Acct of Voy. 188When a Hottentot woman is connected with a white man, the result of such an alliance..are beings of a very different nature from the unmixed Hottentot...These people always acquire the degrading epithet of Bastaards.
1818 Lord C. Somerset in G.M. Theal Rec. of Cape Col. (1902) XII. p.iiiThe intercourse between the descendants of Europeans and Hottentot women and between the latter and the various classes of slaves has produced a new breed of man here known by the name of Bastard.
1827 G. Thompson Trav. 151The missionary traveller Mr. Campbell..gave the name of Griquas to this infant community. They had previously been known (as indeed they still are among the Dutch colonists) by the uncouth appellation of Bastaards.
1837 N. Polson Subaltern’s Sick Leave 128The best from Graham’s Town to Fort Beaufort, thence to Balfour on the Kat River, the capital of a settlement of Baastaerds (or half castes) and Hottentots.
1853 F.P. Fleming Kaffraria 8A very large proportion of those, who now are styled Hottentots, are, more properly speaking, a race who have sprung from an intermixture between the original Hottentots and the Europeans, and are locally known as Griquas or Bastaards, which latter title they much prefer themselves, and even seem to be proud of it.
1866 J. Leyland Adventures 32The territory, of which Phillipolis is the principal town, is inhabited by the Griquas, or Bastards; the latter name is derived from the fact of their being a mixed breed between the Dutch and Hottentot.
1882 S. Heckford Lady Trader in Tvl 149The kaffirs are bad as a rule; but there is a class of half-castes between white and Hottentot blood, here called ‘bastards,’ in which very excellent servants may be found.
1896 R. Wallace Farming Indust. of Cape Col. 402The ‘Cape-boys’ form a mixed so-called ‘bastard’ class, descended from a variety of races.
1896 Purvis & Biggs S. Afr. 88The Mixed races, the Cape ‘boys’ and other cross-breeds, including the Griquas and Bastards (who have descended from the union of Negro-slave and Boer or other unnatural union), number only about a quarter of a million.
1902 W. Dower Early Annals of Kokstad 5Among the Dutch of the Colony, they (sc. the Griquas) were long known as ‘The Bastards,’ a descriptive title given with greater regard to fact than to courtesy.
1924 S.G. Millin God’s Step-Children 65The offspring of Hagar were beginning to seed the wilderness..becoming a nation...They called themselves proudly the Bastaards.
1946 S. Cloete Afr. Portraits 104The Bastaards — and proud of it — were a mixed race of Hottentots, Bushmen, and Eastern blood leavened with that of some of the less admirable whites.
1950 D. Reed Somewhere S. of Suez 90Griquas were called Bastards until a Scots clergyman persuaded them to change the name.
1968 J.T. McNish Rd to El Dorado 2Friction grew owing to the whites taking unto themselves the daughters and even the wives of slaves, a practice which resulted in the creation of a race they called the ‘Bastards’.
1976 R. Ross Adam Kok’s Griquas 13The Bastards were those who could not claim to be Christian, but who were integrated into the colonial cash economy other than as tied farm-labourers or as slaves. They were transport riders, day-labourers, craftsmen, and most frequently, small farmers, living without title to their lands beyond the current frontier of white expansion.
1986 P. Maylam Hist. of Afr. People 27After his (sc. Maqoma’s) expulsion the expropriated land became a reserved area for Khoi and ‘Bastards’, known as the Kat River Settlement.
2. Obsolete except in historical contexts Rehoboth.
1877 Sel. Comm. Report on Mission to Damaraland 80The Damaras will consent to the Bastards continuing to live at Rehoboth, and would even agree to its being placed in the ‘Reserve’.
c1936 S. & E. Afr. Yr Bk & Guide 176The Bastaards are descendents of a cross of Cape European and British farmers and hunters and Hottentots. They number about five thousand and live in the Rehoboth District.
1944 S. Afr. Law Reports 19In the Rehoboth Gebied, for example, ‘Bastard’ is an appellation which burghers apply to themselves with pride.
1961 O. Levinson Ageless Land 53From 1700 to 1870 a new immigration of three different tribes took place. These were the Hereros, the Orlams (a second wave of Hottentots who came from the Cape aross the Orange River) and the Bastards.
1969 J.M. White Land God Made in Anger 196The Basters are proud of their ‘Baastard’ descent and do not resent their name. None the less they usually figure in modern literature under the polite designation of ‘Rehobothers’.
1973 Observer (U.K.) 2 Sept. (Colour Suppl.) 56Hereros, Ovambos, Damaras, Kaokovelders, Bushmen and Rehobothers (until recently known as the Bastards).
B. adjective Baster adjective. See also bastard galjoen (galjoen sense 2), bastard hartebeest (hartebeest sense b).
1913 C. Pettman Africanderisms 49Bastard geelhout,..Podocarpus elongata — The real Yellow wood being P. Thunbergii.
1971 Baraitser & Obholzer Cape Country Furn. 75They are made of kareehout, the wood of the bastard willow, and were inlaid with klapperbos, the wood of a small indigenous shrub.
1971 Baraitser & Obholzer Cape Country Furn. 268The syringa and bastard willow (karree).
1989 [see cabbage tree].
A person of mixed ethnic origin, usually Khoikhoi and white or Khoikhoi and black; Basternoun1. Also attributive.
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