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Bastard, noun and adjective

Forms:
Also Baastaerd, Bastaard, and with small initial.
Origin:
South African Dutch, DutchShow more Calque formed on South African Dutch bastaard one of mixed racial ancestry, from Dutch bastaard, baster ‘bastard’.
A. noun
1. In historical contexts. A person of mixed ethnic origin, usually Khoikhoi and white or Khoikhoi and black; Baster noun sense 1. Also attributive. See also Bastard Hottentot, coloured noun sense a, Griqua, Hottentot sense 4 a.
Note:
Current until the late 19th century, the name was accepted as a title of distinction.
Note:
During the nineteenth century, groups of Bastards migrated northwards and formed new communities recognised as distinct clans (the largest of which became known as Griquas and Basters).
1786 G. Forster tr. of A. Sparrman’s Voy. to Cape of G.H. II. 27We fixed our resting-place at the distance of a few gun-shots from a clan of bastards, or Hottentot-Caffres, who are the offspring of the mixture of both these nations.
1986 P. Maylam Hist. of Afr. People 27After his (sc. Maqoma’s) expulsion the expropriated land became a reserved area for Khoi and ‘Bastards’, known as the Kat River Settlement.
2. Obsolete except in historical contexts Rehoboth.
1877 Sel. Comm. Report on Mission to Damaraland 80The Damaras will consent to the Bastards continuing to live at Rehoboth, and would even agree to its being placed in the ‘Reserve’.
1973 Observer (U.K.) 2 Sept. (Colour Suppl.) 56Hereros, Ovambos, Damaras, Kaokovelders, Bushmen and Rehobothers (until recently known as the Bastards).
B. adjective Baster adjective. See also bastard galjoen (galjoen sense 2), bastard hartebeest (hartebeest sense b).
1913 C. Pettman Africanderisms 49Bastard geelhout,..Podocarpus elongata — The real Yellow wood being P. Thunbergii.
1989 [see cabbage tree].
A person of mixed ethnic origin, usually Khoikhoi and white or Khoikhoi and black; Basternoun1. Also attributive.
Rehoboth.
Basteradjective.

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17861986