Venda, noun and adjective

Forms:
Movenda, MuvendaShow more singular Movenda, Muvenda; singular and plural Venda; plural Bavenda, Bawenda, HaVenda, Mavenda, Vavenda, Vendas, Vhavenda.
Plurals:
usually unchanged, Vendas, Bavenda.
Origin:
VendaShow more A Venda noun stem found in such words as Muvenda a member of the Venda people (plural Vhavenda), Tshivenda the Venda language, Venda the area inhabited by the Venda. The origin of the stem is not known.
A. noun
1.
a. A member of an African people living mainly in the Soutpansberg region of the Northern Transvaal. Also attributive.
1892 W.L. Distant Naturalist in Tvl 107The Mavenda Kafirs are a branch of the Makatese, and closely allied to the Basutos.
1905 Native Tribes of Tvl 60There are remnants of a tribe called Balemba among the Bawenda.
1908 Jrnl of Afr. Society VII. 412Venda. Spoken by the Bavenda in North Transvaal.
1913 H.A. Junod Life of S. Afr. Tribe I. 18They are called Magwamba by the Venda and Bvesha.
1954 C.M. Doke Sn Bantu Languages 154Linguistically the Venda share features both with the Shona group to the north of them and with the Sotho.
1966 F.G. Butler S. of Zambesi 30Only the Venda possessed a drum of their fathers carried countless leagues from a land of gleaming lakes, a land of forests and fruits, innumerable moons ago.
1976 West & Morris Abantu 89The Venda are a relatively small group of some 400 000 who live in the region of the Soutspansberg in the Northern Transvaal.
1977 Financial Mail 1 July 33For example, 68% of Vendas actually live there — the highest figure of all the Bantustans.
1990 [see sense B].
b. comb.
Vendaland, the area occupied by the Venda people; Vendastan, see -stan.
Note:
An area in the northern part of the former Transvaal was intended as a ‘homeland’ for Vendas; granted a form of self-government in 1973, it became the Republic of Venda in 1979. The area was re-incorporated into South Africa in 1994. See also TBVC.
1971 S. Afr. Panorama Nov. 11In Vendaland the ‘watchdogs had been tied up’ — the Venda way of assuring their honoured guests that they were welcome.
1979 Drum Jan. 31Vendaland will become independent soon.
2. Also Chivenda, Tshivenda. The language of the Venda people, being one of the Sintu (Bantu) languages. Also attributive.
1908 [see sense 1 a].
1939 Outspan 24 Nov. 93The letter was written in Tshivenda.
1950 H. Gibbs Twilight in S. Afr. 34The south-eastern groups have five group languages, Nguni, Sotho, Venda, Tonga, and Inhambane.
1971 Daily News 4 Mar. 11If we do come with an act saying we want Venda to be the official language of Vendaland, they would have voted against it, too.
c1980 S. Afr. 1979: Off. Yrbk (Info. Service of S. Afr.) 85Their language, Chivenda, is related to languages found in Zimbabwe.
1993 Weekend Post 9 Oct. 9If this letter is anything to go by, multi-lingualism, including North and South Sotho, Swazi, Tsonga, Tswana, Venda, [etc.]..is out.
B. adjective Of or pertaining to the Venda.
1913 H.A. Junod Life of S. Afr. Tribe II. 327There is a third tradition relating to the first man, but it has..been borrowed from the Venda or Pedi tribes.
1921 S. Afr. Jrnl of Science Apr. 208All these Venda clans (and the Malemba also) speak of their mountain.
1928 G.P. Lestrade in A.M. Duggan-Cronin Bantu Tribes I. 17Venda life..revolves round the chief.
1937 B.H. Dicke Bush Speaks 143She was a Movenda girl.
1951 T.V. Bulpin Lost Trails of Low Veld 62Relations between Schoeman and the Vavenda people..had..been reasonably pleasant.
1953 B. Fuller Call Back Yesterday 14The Bavenda hut tax should have yielded about £25,000 a year at that time.
1975 Drum Dec. 29Your parents have followed Venda custom by choosing your wife for you.
1980 D.B. Coplan Urbanization of African Performing Arts. 187The Pedi..patterned their dinaka flutes after the Venda motaba.
1987 E. Prov. Herald 4 June 13Fest to show Vhavenda sculpture.
1990 A. Goldman in Motorist 4th Quarter 4Before the HaVenda people moved down from East Africa, the Bushmen lived in this part of the world. They were driven out by the aggressive HaVenda.
A member of an African people living mainly in the Soutpansberg region of the Northern Transvaal. Also attributive.
The language of the Venda people, being one of the Sintu (Bantu) languages. Also attributive.
Of or pertaining to the Venda.

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18921993

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