1949Round Table June 208A great Bantu State or group of States to which at least one ingenious thinker has affixed the term ‘Bantustan’.
1949E.H. Brookes inSurvey of Race Rel. 1947–8 2The word ‘apartheid’..has proved as ambiguous as its predecessor ‘segregation’. It has been interpreted..as being the creation of a new large Bantu state. Some speakers have referred to it as ‘Bantustan’.
1952Rand Daily Mail 1 Dec. 8Dr. Malan, the leader and architect of apartheid and Bantustan, has sidestepped the issue once again.
1960M. Ballinger inH. SpottiswoodeS. Afr.: Rd Ahead 22Even those Nationalists who fear the new idea of Bantustan..still maintain an attachment to this conception of a home for Africans where alone they might enjoy rights of domicile and property.
1959H.F. Verwoerd inHansard 27 Jan. 62If Britain can establish something that the United Party describe as a Bantustan inside South Africa, and can do so with their blessing..why cannot the Union of South Africa..say:– We are giving the Bantu as our wards every opportunity in their areas to move along a road of development.
1962L.E. NeameHist. of Apartheid 159The Opposition in Parliament, and the public, promptly called these Bantu national units ‘Bantustans’.
1968Cole & FlahertyHouse of Bondage 98There are three tribal colleges for blacks, administered by whites, and located only in the Bantustan reserves.
1973Drum 18 Jan. 27The White man tells us about bantustans, and do you know what he says when he is with his White brother? He says ‘daar sal die Bantu Staan in the Bantustan and he won’t progress further than that.’
1976Sunday Times 31 Oct. 16Not a single country, apart from South Africa, recognises Bantustan sovereignty.
1978Sunday Times 5 Mar. 16The primary objective of this ‘bantustan’ or ‘homeland’ policy is to create a legal basis for treating the black urban population as foreigners in a country which belongs to them just as much as to the whites.
1979Voice 30 Sept. 3We have witnessed with dismay the calculated dissection of our country into bantustans. The disembodiment of the country into separate worthless ‘independent’ and subservient entities — the culmination of the apartheid policies.
1980Rand Daily Mail 23 Aug.What were once the ‘reserves’ became ‘Bantustans’, then the ‘homelands’; now they are ‘national states’.
1984E. Aarvik inDaily Dispatch 13 Dec. 18Blacks are expected to exercise their political ambitions in unviable, poverty-stricken, arid bantustan homelands, ghettoes of misery, inexhaustible reservoirs of cheap black labour, bantustans into which South Africa is being balkanised.
1985Weekly Mail 28 June 15The organisation’s continuing stand for a united, non-tribal, non-Bantustan South Africa helps to make it a deadly enemy to the Government.
1985Platzky & WalkerSurplus People 18The Status Acts conferring independence on the bantustans say that every person who is a citizen of the bantustan in terms of any law ‘shall cease to be a citizen of South Africa’.
1987Frontline Aug.–Sept. 30They (sc. the chiefs) are so closely identified with bantustan power structures — structures inimical to mainstream black political thought — that oblivion is an option they ought to consider.
1988‘Vusi’ inPace June 12The Zambians..are the vanguard of Frontline States. Their anti-apartheid, anti-bantustan stance is very well known.
1990Weekly Mail 9 Mar. 2‘Away with bantustans!’ ‘Away with Mangope, forward to a democratic South Africa!’
As a proper noun: The putative name of a proposed black state inside the boundaries of South Africa.
homeland1. Also attributive.
Hence Bantustanianoun, Drum magazine’s satirical collective name for the ‘homelands’; see also -stania (-stan); so Bantustaniannoun, a black South African; and adjective, of or pertaining to a Bantustan; see also -stanian (-stan); Bantustanismnoun, the policy of balkanising South Africa.
1974Drum 8 Mar. 45At times I wonder if a Bantustanian has any right to think at all. That is why my Bantustanian brain is in a muddle.
1974Drum 8 Apr. 32Once every year the witches of Bantustania have a get-together.
1979M. MatshobaCall Me Not a Man 185The Act established councils along tribal lines through which Apartheid and Bantustanism were forced down the people’s throats through the manipulation of the appointed chiefs.
1982Voice 24 Jan. 4Bantustanism far from solves some of the burning issues in South Africa.
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