1852C. BarterDorp & Veld 171 (Pettman)The border colonist would have held his ground against the native, without the aid of a single Roode-baatje (red-coat).
1858Cape Monthly Mag.IV. Sept. 149It was only when a volley from the outskirts of the bush caused many of them to bite the dust that they perceived themselves to be partially surrounded by a party of ‘rooi batjes.’
1884B. AdamsNarr. (1941) 176As soon as they caught sight of us they raised the cry ‘Rooi Badjies’ — Red Coats — and away they went as fast as their legs would carry them.
1887J.W. MatthewsIncwadi Yami 445The Boers formed a supreme contempt of the ‘Rori Baajtes.’
1888tr. ofL.A.J. Délegorgue inJ. BirdAnnals of NatalI. 562In December, 1839, the ‘rooi-baatjes’ weighed anchor, and had scarcely set sail, when a three-coloured flag was hoisted on the same staff that had lately borne the British ensign.
1904H.A. BrydenHist. of S. Afr. 211(The Boers) don’t seem to think very much of the foot-soldier, or ‘rooi-baatje’..for they say he cannot ride and he cannot shoot.
1911Blackburn & CaddellSecret Service 89She said that Cetawayo had gained a great victory, and that the rooie-batjes (redcoats) lay upon the field of battle ‘like winter leaves beneath a tree’.
1942S. CloeteHill of Doves 116Why, our men were soldiers, veterans of wars, when these Rooibaadjies were but children.
1955B.B. BurnettAnglicans in Natal 21Freed from the presence of British rooibaatjies.., the Boers settled down to enjoy the land which they had acquired.
c1963B.C. TaitDurban Story 24Captain Smith and his ‘rooibaadjies’ were kraaled in the Fort and there the Boers meant to starve them into surrender.
1971Daily Dispatch 18 Dec.At that time Kipling’s Private Thomas A. was the sturdy Victorian redcoat — ‘..a rooibaadjie’ in South Africa.
2.transferred sense.A red larval form of the brown locust Locustana pardalina; also called voetganger (sense 1). Also attributive.
1858H. CalderwoodCaffres & Caffre Missions 157The young locusts..are then partly red and partly black. The Dutch call them then vootgangers — that is, footmen, or goers on foot. Sometimes they are called roibatjes — that is, red-coats, in allusion to the soldiers.
1875J.J. BissetSport & War 170You see the very earth become alive with diminutive insects,..increasing in size and becoming the colour of the brightest red. At this stage they are called Rooi baatyes.
1902Trans. of S. Afr. Phil. Soc.XI.p.xlvThe young of the migratory one (sc. locust) are so gaily coloured as to have earned for them the local name of ‘rooi-batjes’, or redcoats.
1924L.H. BrinkmanGlory of Backveld 10A newly-hatched locust..is quite black, but after a few weeks its coat changes into a dull red colour, when it is known as a ‘rooibaatje’ (red coat). This coat the insect sheds when full grown and emerges as a winged locust of a khaki colour.
1972A. Lea inStd Encycl. of Sn Afr.VII. 21Young crowded hoppers would develop into typical phase gregaria ‘rooibaadjies’.
1986S. Afr. Panorama June 13They (sc. brown locusts) ‘go critical’ and take flight after their sixth change of skin, at one stage assuming a menacing striped colour — the rooibaadjie or redcoat stage.
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