rooibaadjie, noun

raed vatje, roi-batjeShow more Also raed vatje, roi-batje, roode-baatje, rooi baadje, rooi baatje, rooi baatjie, rooi baatye, rooi badgie, rooi badjie, rooi batjee, rooie batje, rori baajte.
Afrikaans, South African Dutch, MalayShow more Afrikaans (earlier South African Dutch roode-baatje), rooi red + baadjie (from Malay badju) jacket.
1. In historical contexts. Usually derogatory. ‘Redcoat’, a name for a British regular soldier, especially during the 19th century. See also amajoni sense 1, khaki noun sense 1 a.
The name outlived the wearing of the distinctive red jackets, which had been replaced by the less visible khaki by the time of the Anglo-Boer War.
1848 H. Ward Five Yrs in Kaffirland I. 154We rode out, keeping pretty close to the Cape Corps, the Raed Vatjes, or red jackets (as they term the British troops on the frontier).
1852 C. Barter Dorp & Veld 171 (Pettman)The border colonist would have held his ground against the native, without the aid of a single Roode-baatje (red-coat).
1858 Cape Monthly Mag. IV. Sept. 149It was only when a volley from the outskirts of the bush caused many of them to bite the dust that they perceived themselves to be partially surrounded by a party of ‘rooi batjes.’
1884 B. Adams Narr. (1941) 176As soon as they caught sight of us they raised the cry ‘Rooi Badjies’ — Red Coats — and away they went as fast as their legs would carry them.
1887 J.W. Matthews Incwadi Yami 445The Boers formed a supreme contempt of the ‘Rori Baajtes.’
1888 tr. of L.A.J. Délegorgue in J. Bird Annals of Natal I. 562In December, 1839, the ‘rooi-baatjes’ weighed anchor, and had scarcely set sail, when a three-coloured flag was hoisted on the same staff that had lately borne the British ensign.
1904 H.A. Bryden Hist. of S. Afr. 211(The Boers) don’t seem to think very much of the foot-soldier, or ‘rooi-baatje’..for they say he cannot ride and he cannot shoot.
1911 Blackburn & Caddell Secret Service 89She said that Cetawayo had gained a great victory, and that the rooie-batjes (redcoats) lay upon the field of battle ‘like winter leaves beneath a tree’.
1942 S. Cloete Hill of Doves 116Why, our men were soldiers, veterans of wars, when these Rooibaadjies were but children.
1955 B.B. Burnett Anglicans in Natal 21Freed from the presence of British rooibaatjies.., the Boers settled down to enjoy the land which they had acquired.
c1963 B.C. Tait Durban Story 24Captain Smith and his ‘rooibaadjies’ were kraaled in the Fort and there the Boers meant to starve them into surrender.
1971 Daily Dispatch 18 Dec.At that time Kipling’s Private Thomas A. was the sturdy Victorian redcoat — ‘..a rooibaadjie’ in South Africa.
2. transferred sense. A red larval form of the brown locust Locustana pardalina; also called voetganger (sense 1). Also attributive.
1858 H. Calderwood Caffres & Caffre Missions 157The young locusts..are then partly red and partly black. The Dutch call them then vootgangers — that is, footmen, or goers on foot. Sometimes they are called roibatjes — that is, red-coats, in allusion to the soldiers.
1875 J.J. Bisset Sport & War 170You see the very earth become alive with diminutive insects,..increasing in size and becoming the colour of the brightest red. At this stage they are called Rooi baatyes.
1902 Trans. of S. Afr. Phil. Soc. XI. p.xlvThe young of the migratory one (sc. locust) are so gaily coloured as to have earned for them the local name of ‘rooi-batjes’, or redcoats.
1924 L.H. Brinkman Glory of Backveld 10A newly-hatched quite black, but after a few weeks its coat changes into a dull red colour, when it is known as a ‘rooibaatje’ (red coat). This coat the insect sheds when full grown and emerges as a winged locust of a khaki colour.
1972 A. Lea in Std Encycl. of Sn Afr. VII. 21Young crowded hoppers would develop into typical phase gregaria ‘rooibaadjies’.
1986 S. Afr. Panorama June 13They (sc. brown locusts) ‘go critical’ and take flight after their sixth change of skin, at one stage assuming a menacing striped colour — the rooibaadjie or redcoat stage.
‘Redcoat’, a name for a British regular soldier, especially during the 19th century.
A red larval form of the brown locust Locustana pardalina; also called voetganger (sense 1). Also attributive.
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