DSAE test file

rooibaadjie, noun

Forms:
raed vatje, roi-batjeShow more Also raed vatje, roi-batje, roode-baatje, rooi baadje, rooi baatje, rooi baatjie, rooi baatye, rooi badgie, rooi badjie, rooi batjee, rooie batje, rori baajte.
Origin:
Afrikaans, South African Dutch, MalayShow more Afrikaans (earlier South African Dutch roode-baatje), rooi red + baadjie (from Malay badju) jacket.
1. In historical contexts. Usually derogatory. ‘Redcoat’, a name for a British regular soldier, especially during the 19th century. See also amajoni sense 1, khaki noun sense 1 a.
Note:
The name outlived the wearing of the distinctive red jackets, which had been replaced by the less visible khaki by the time of the Anglo-Boer War.
1848 H. Ward Five Yrs in Kaffirland I. 154We rode out, keeping pretty close to the Cape Corps, the Raed Vatjes, or red jackets (as they term the British troops on the frontier).
1971 Daily Dispatch 18 Dec.At that time Kipling’s Private Thomas A. was the sturdy Victorian redcoat — ‘..a rooibaadjie’ in South Africa.
2. transferred sense. A red larval form of the brown locust Locustana pardalina; also called voetganger (sense 1). Also attributive.
1858 H. Calderwood Caffres & Caffre Missions 157The young locusts..are then partly red and partly black. The Dutch call them then vootgangers — that is, footmen, or goers on foot. Sometimes they are called roibatjes — that is, red-coats, in allusion to the soldiers.
1986 S. Afr. Panorama June 13They (sc. brown locusts) ‘go critical’ and take flight after their sixth change of skin, at one stage assuming a menacing striped colour — the rooibaadjie or redcoat stage.
‘Redcoat’, a name for a British regular soldier, especially during the 19th century.
A red larval form of the brown locust Locustana pardalina; also called voetganger (sense 1). Also attributive.

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18481986