khaki, noun and adjective

Forms:
Also with initial capital.
Plurals:
khakis, occasionally kakhies, or unchanged.
Origin:
Afrikaans, English, Urdu, Show more From Afrikaans kakie, adaptation of general English khaki dust-coloured (from Urdu), with spelling remodelled to the English root; alluding to the colour of British army field-uniforms.
A. noun
1.
a. In historical contexts. The Boer name for a British soldier during the Anglo-Boer War; kakie sense 1. Frequently in the plural, the British army. See also rooibaadjie sense 1.
1900 F.R.M. Cleaver in M.M. Cleaver Young S. Afr. (1913) 148The khakis had probably anticipated that we should take this road.
1988 J. Boekkooi in Frontline Oct. 23Those Cape Afrikaners who stayed behind in comfort,..talking English with the imperialists, while their trekking cousins braved lions and crocodiles and blacks and khakis.
b. transferred sense derogatory. An English-speaking South African; also called rooinek.
1940 Forum 7 Sept. 3I wonder if Dr. van Nierop’s statement that one Boer is enough for ten Khakies is not perhaps true?
1980 Cape Times 29 Apr.This list included lying; bad temper and naughtiness in general; Judas; dirty hands; Milner, Kitchener, Jameson and Rhodes; all Khakies; all Englishmen.
B. adjective
1.
a. Of or pertaining to the British army, especially during the Anglo-Boer War of 1899–1902; British; English(-speaking).
1902 D. Van Warmelo On Commando 156Some did not wait to find their horses. Some even escaped on khaki horses that had strayed from the camp.
1976 [see mbongo].
b. As a qualifier in Special Combinations:
khaki Boer historical, plural khaki Boers, khaki Boere // [Afrikaans kakieboer (see Boer)], joiner sense 1;
khakibos, [Afrikaans, bos bush], khaki bush (see below); also attributive;
khaki brandziekte ?obsolete [South African Dutch, see brandsiekte], see quotation 1914;
khaki bush, khaki weed [see Pettman quotation 1913], any of several species of alien weed, especially Tagetes minuta and Inula graveolens of the Asteraceae, and Alternanthera pungens of the Amaranthaceae; kakiebos, see kakie sense 2; see also Afrikaner noun sense 9.
1906 G.B. Beak Aftermath of War 227There are the so-called ‘khaki Boers’ — those who surrendered before the end of the war.
1994 Weekend Post 1 Jan. (Leisure) 6To prevent fleas from invading a vacant house, scatter khaki weed branches in every room before going on a trip.
2. Patriotic; militaristic; jingoistic. Found especially in the phrase khaki election (used originally of the war spirit in England at the time of the Anglo-Boer War of 1899–1902).
[1913 Everyday Phrases Explained 164The Khaki Election, This was the General Election of 1900, when the Government appealed successfully to the country for its approval of the South African War.]
1990 Sunday Times 3 June 4Down at the Waterval Festival Showgrounds..on Republic Day, Eugene talked khaki patriotism. Talked soldiers for God and Fatherland...Talked armed struggle.
The Boer name for a British soldier during the Anglo-Boer War; kakie1. Frequently in the plural, the British army.
An English-speaking South African; also called rooinek.
Of or pertaining to the British army, especially during the Anglo-Boer War of 1899–1902; British; English(-speaking).
Patriotic; militaristic; jingoistic. Found especially in the phrase khaki election (used originally of the war spirit in England at the time of the Anglo-Boer War of 1899–1902).
Derivatives:
Hence khakidom noun  historical, a derogatory term for the English governing bureaucracy in South Africa.
1921 W.C. Scully Harrow 464He felt that he and his puppet the Commandant, the staff and, in fact, the whole of the amateur khakidom were outclassed.

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19021972