Afrikaans, English, Urdu, Show more From Afrikaans kakie, adaptation of general English khaki dust-coloured (from Urdu), with spelling remodelled to the English root; alluding to the colour of British army field-uniforms.
a.In historical contexts.The Boer name for a British soldier during the Anglo-Boer War; kakie sense 1. Frequently in the plural, the British army.See also rooibaadjie sense 1.
1900F.R.M. Cleaver inM.M. CleaverYoung S. Afr. (1913) 148The khakis had probably anticipated that we should take this road.
1901P.J. Du ToitDiary (1974) 43A brisk skirmish had taken place at Geduld, where approximately 50 Khakis fell and about an equal number were taken prisoner and disarmed.
1902Mrs Dickenson inE. HobhouseBrunt of War 211He was in his farm with his sister, who was also blind, when the Khakis (i.e. the British) arrived.
1902D. Van WarmeloOn Commando 44It was a happy time — away from khaki, far beyond the reach of the roar of the cannon.
1902D. Van WarmeloOn Commando 166Our wives and children and our exiled men we cannot get out of khaki’s hands, and that is the greatest difficulty in our way.
1903E.F. KnightS. Afr. after War 43The Dutch bitterly resented the establishment of the military camp at Middelburg, and practically the entire population..petitioned that the ‘khakis’ should be removed from the country.
1944J. MockfordHere Are S. Africans 100Her husband and his commandos were riding to orders from Pretoria and engaging the khakis wherever they might be found.
1955W. IllsleyWagon on Fire 35Engaged in skirmishes against the Khakies,..sniping the enemy from mountain fastnesses which the British Tommy could not penetrate.
1961D. BeeChildren of Yesterday 230I can see them coming at me in my dreams sometimes — the Khakis. I can see them falling from their horses, with their swords shining and flashing in the sun.
1980N. FerreiraStory of Afrikaner 27One day the British soldiers, the hated Khakis, arrived.
1988J. Boekkooi inFrontline Oct. 23Those Cape Afrikaners who stayed behind in comfort,..talking English with the imperialists, while their trekking cousins braved lions and crocodiles and blacks and khakis.
1903R. KiplingFive Nations 207Ubique means the tearin’ drift where, breech-blocks jammed with mud, The khaki muzzles duck an’ lift across the khaki flood.
1913J. BrandtPetticoat Commando 41Mother, I vow I shall never be seen with a khaki officer as long as our men are in the field.
1920S. BlackDorp 5When an Afrikander’s turned khaki like that — King George and the Union Jack stuck all over him —..he’s a smeerlap (blackguard).
1920S. BlackDorp 225It’s a khaki trick, Johannes — boycotting is thing the English invented.
1937C.R. PranceTante Rebella’s Saga 35Tante Katrina van Ammenies..chased him with insult and contumely, threatening to loose the dogs on him, because, by his breeches and leggings he must be a khaki-Englander.
1972Cape Argus 16 Sept. 9My Pyper predicted the three ‘emotional’ fronts the national Party would employ were ‘khakigevaar, swartgevaar, and rooigevaar.’
khaki Boerhistorical, plural khaki Boers, khaki Boere/-ə/ [Afrikaans kakieboer (see Boer)], joiner sense 1;
khakibos, [Afrikaans, bos bush], khaki bush (see below); also attributive;
khaki brandziekte?obsolete [South African Dutch, see brandsiekte], see quotation 1914;
khaki bush, khaki weed [see Pettman quotation 1913], any of several species of alien weed, especially Tagetes minuta and Inula graveolens of the Asteraceae, and Alternanthera pungens of the Amaranthaceae; kakiebos, see kakie sense 2; see also Afrikanernoun sense 9.
1906G.B. BeakAftermath of War 227There are the so-called ‘khaki Boers’ — those who surrendered before the end of the war.
1982Sunday Times 3 Jan. (Mag. Sect.) 2My father..once told me..that..in his opinion even a khakibos would wither under my ministrations.
1986Farmer’s Weekly 25 July 6Khakibos silage? It’s enough, you would think, to make a cow wish it had only one stomach.
1991‘BP’ inWeekly Mail 28 Mar. 39‘Rub “green-flea-flee” thoroughly into the dog’s fur..then dance around waving a sprig of khaki-bos, chanting “fleas be gone”.’
1993Rhodos (Rhodes Univ.) 1 July 4Pupils..used onion skins, lichen, khakibos and cochineal to dye commercial hand-knitting wool.
1914Farmer’s Annual 181What is the best remedy for scab in equines — ‘Khaki brandziekte,’ as it is known by farmers owing to its having been very severe among horses shortly after the war?
1947C.R. PranceAntic Mem. 75‘Flag’ the next train, whether passenger or goods, to return to Bloemfontein in quest of further orders to investigate anthrax, glanders, ‘khaki-brandziekte,’ etc., etc., in the map’s blank spaces to north, south, east or west.
1913Times Lit. Suppl. (U.K.) 24 July 309A certain weed which came from the Argentine with imported fodder is called the ‘Khakibush.’ The name cannot be more that a dozen years old, but it will no doubt endure, since the weed apparently shows no signs of departing.
1913C. PettmanAfricanderisms 258Khakibush, A species of Aplopappus. The name has reference to the dull fawn colour the withered leaves assume...The name is also applied to Alternanthera Achyrontha,..now spread widely throughout South Africa, the seeds having been introduced from the Argentine Republic with imported fodder. The name was given to this plant because it made its appearance in military camps during the late war in places where it was previously unknown.
1928N. StevensonAfr. Harvest 27The side of the hill was overgrown with khaki weed and thorn-bushes.
1949L. HunterAfr. Dawn 5Even the khaki weed, growing everywhere in profusion and usually so robust, looked forlorn.
1966L.G. BergerWhere’s Madam 3We peered across the dense screen of khaki weed which smelt like marigolds.
1971Daily Dispatch 4 Sept. 6The plants (sc. dagga) are somewhat similar in appearance to the Mexican marigold or khakiweed.
1972M.R. Levyns inStd Encycl. of Sn Afr.VI. 373Khaki-weed,..Tall khaki-weed or khaki-bush..(Tagetes minuta). This plant is by some termed the ‘true khaki-bush’...(Cape) khaki-weed or khaki-bush..(Inula graveolens). Introduced from the Mediterranean region...Khaki-weed,..Kakiebos (Altenanthera pungens = A. repens). Prostrate perennial belonging to the family Amaranthaceae.
1983D.A.C. MaclennanReckonings 25We..approached through crackly grass and khaki weed, beer cartons, broken glass.
1991Dict. of Horticulture (Dept of Nat. Educ.) 330Khaki weed, (Inula graveolens)...Khaki weed, (Tagetes minuta, Mexican marigold, stinking Roger).
1994Weekend Post 1 Jan. (Leisure) 6To prevent fleas from invading a vacant house, scatter khaki weed branches in every room before going on a trip.
1948Press DigestNo.10, 64A khaki election...General Smuts wants to make the following election a ‘sort of war election again’ since he hopes that such an election will once more ensure him the success which he attained in the previous election.
1948Press DigestNo.13, 81The Afrikaner front is afraid of a khaki-election.
1979T. PakenhamBoer War (1982) 464Polling for the election — the ‘Khaki election’, as people called it, alias the ‘patriotic election’ — would start in a fortnight.
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