1840J. CampbellJourney to Lattakoo 87Thirty-nine Marootzees joined us from Mashow...On meeting them..they saluted me with the word Murella.
1912J.C. Macgregortr. ofD.F. Ellenberger’s Hist. of Basuto 292One is agreeably surprised to see..so much politeness, and so many rules of etiquette..faithfully observed...The chiefs often address their subjects as marena (‘chiefs’), benghali (‘my masters’).
1923G.H. NichollsBayete! 54The messengers formed up in a line in front of the two officials and saluted in their turn, by throwing up the right hand, fist clenched, straight above the head and shouting ‘Morena’.
1924G. Baumann inBaumann & BrightLost Republic (1940) 137All the boys whom I had had occasion to flog saluted me with upraised arm: ‘Domela Morena’ (Sesuto — ‘Hail, Master’).
1937B.H. DickeBush Speaks 123Morena! Ghosi! (Sir! Chief!), a voice called out of a large maize field where the plants stood some eight feet high.
1952H. KleinLand of Silver Mist 85A Native police-boy doing his patrol on a bicycle came down to have a look at me. ‘Morena’, he greeted.
1974Sunday Times 1 Sept. 3The Bantu is a person, an entity with a name and a surname. If it is known, call him by his name and surname and add ‘mister’ (Morena), particularly if you are in his homeland.
1975S.S. MekgoeLindiwe (1978) 17No-no Sergeant, no-no morena. Asseblief my baas.
1989Weekly Mail 27 Oct. 11The insistence by whites to be called baas or Morena (chiefs) by the black policemen.
1990G. SlovoTies of Blood 474Moses did not deign to reply. For this transgression one of the constables guarding him kicked him in the back. ‘Answer the moreana,’ he ordered.
1942U. KrigeDream & Desert (1953) 133‘Greetings, Morena Dumela!’ he exclaimed in Sesuto. ‘But the Morena speaks Sesuto. It is wonderful. Why did the Morena not tell me the other day he speaks our language?’
1942U. KrigeDream & Desert (1953) 135Morena, give my greetings to the other Morena. To-night I shall come to the Morena’s truck and we shall speak again of Mokhotlong.
1948E. RosenthalAfr. Switzerland 71The white morenas adjourn for a whisky-and-soda.
1960J. CopeTame Ox 61The morena was a young man with a pleasant sunburnt face and blue eyes. He made out the ticket without a word and then he came from his small office and chatted to Isaiah.
1953P. LanhamBlanket Boy’s Moon 17The Chief is highly respected by his subjects, who call him, Morena.
1957A.A. MurrayBlanket 192‘Morena — Chief,’ he said. At once the others followed his lead, and the night rang to the deep cadence of their voices: ‘Morena — Morena’.
1988Spiegel & Boonzaier inBoonzaier & SharpS. Afr. Keywords 48A chief in Qwaqwa is still called morena, the word used to describe nineteenth-century political leaders whose authority derived from their ability to maintain their followers’ allegiance, as well as from their descent from particular lines.
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