DSAE test file

morena, noun

Forms:
Also marena, moreana, and with initial capital.
Origin:
Sotho, seTswanaShow more Sotho and seTswana, singular noun prefix mo- + rena be rich, be a chief.
Especially among Sotho-speakers:
1. Used of or to someone in authority (but see also quotation 1912).
a. A respectful form of address or reference: ‘Sir’, ‘Master’. Cf. inkosi sense 1 b, umnumzana sense 2 a.
[1835 A. Smith Diary (1940) II. 186They walked boldly in though they saw the Matabeli, saluted all the white people with ‘Moron’ and then went towards the Matabeli fire.]
1990 G. Slovo Ties of Blood 474Moses did not deign to reply. For this transgression one of the constables guarding him kicked him in the back. ‘Answer the moreana,’ he ordered.
b. A common noun: a master; also used as a polite form of address in the third person. Cf. inkosi sense 1 a.
1908 [see kgosi].
1960 J. Cope Tame Ox 61The morena was a young man with a pleasant sunburnt face and blue eyes. He made out the ticket without a word and then he came from his small office and chatted to Isaiah.
2. A title of respect given to a Sotho chief.
1861 E. Casalis Basutos II. 214The Basutos give to the princes who govern them the title of Morena...He who watches over the public safety and welfare.
1988 Spiegel & Boonzaier in Boonzaier & Sharp S. Afr. Keywords 48A chief in Qwaqwa is still called morena, the word used to describe nineteenth-century political leaders whose authority derived from their ability to maintain their followers’ allegiance, as well as from their descent from particular lines.
3. God, ‘the Lord’. Cf. Modimo.
1882 J. Nixon Among Boers 248As a rule, the natives have some crude idea of an Omnipotent Being,..who is known by some of the tribes as ‘Morena’, i.e. the power in the skies.
1981 Rand Daily Mail 16 July 6The two began to work on the idea of what would happen if ‘Morena’ (Sotho for the Lord) came down to earth here in South Africa.
‘Sir’, ‘Master’.
a master; also used as a polite form of address in the third person.
A title of respect given to a Sotho chief.
God, ‘the Lord’.

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18351990