DSAE test file

mis, noun

Forms:
mest, mistShow more Formerly also mest, mist, miste.
Origin:
Afrikaans, DutchShow more Afrikaans, from Dutch mist manure.
Animal manure (especially cattle manure).
1. Dried manure, used as fuel or as building material. Also attributive. See also Free State coal (Free State adjectival phrase sense 2), kraal manure (kraal noun sense 3 d).
1852 C. Barter Dorp & Veld 51 (Pettman)This evening our fire was of mest or dried cow-dung, which turns to a white ash, gives a great heat, and is no bad substitute for wood.
1989 Weekend Post 4 Nov. (Leisure) 4The Free State..was ‘so devoid of wood that “mist fires” [dung fires] are the rule’. This dung was the ‘Free State coal’.
2. Fresh manure used (in various combinations with ash, ox blood, mud, lime, and water) to make composition floors in rural homes, and used subsequently to smear or dress these floors. See also smear.
1896 R. Wallace Farming Indust. of Cape Col. 350The floor must be level and paved with cobble-stones, or formed of some hard, dry material...If built of ‘mist,’ ventilation spaces should be left at the bases of the walls.
1991 Best of S. Afr. Short Stories (Reader’s Digest Assoc.) 110When quite dry, the floor was smeared — often in traditional, swirling patterns — with mis or ‘mist.., a cattle dung mix which might contain ash, mud, water and blood...Mis was applied as often as necessary to maintain the shiny, impervious surface.
3. combinations
misbredie /-briədi/ [Afrikaans, bredie (see bredie)], see quotation 1966;
miskoek /ˈ-kʊk/, /-kuk/, also mest-kock, plural mest-kocke // [Afrikaans, koek cake], cow-pats; squares of dried dung;
miskruier /-kreɪə(r)/, /-krœɪ-/ [Afrikaans, kruier porter], any of several species of dung-rolling beetles of the family Scarabaeidae;
misrybol /-ˈreɪbɔl/ [Afrikaans, ry (earlier Dutch rij) to ride + bol bulbous root], see quotation 1913;
misvloer /-fluːr/ [Afrikaans, vloer floor], a composition floor made of various mixtures of clay, oxblood, lime, and cattle-dung, and dressed with cattle-dung or oxblood at intervals to restore and coat the surface; cf. dagha noun sense a; also attributive.
1913 C. Pettman Africanderisms 317Mest bredie,..Amarantus Thunbergii, Moq., which grows on manure heaps; a Riversdale name.
1990 Weekend Post 8 Dec. 12Visitors view a short video on Xhosa traditions in a mis-vloer-and-mud hut.
Animal manure (especially cattle manure).
Dried manure, used as fuel or as building material. Also attributive.
Fresh manure used (in various combinations with ash, ox blood, mud, lime, and water) to make composition floors in rural homes, and used subsequently to smear or dress these floors.

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