DutchShow more Short for Orange Free State translation of Dutch Oranje Vrijstaat (from vrijstaat free state, republic).
A.noun phraseFrom 1854 to 1901, an independent Boer republic; subsequently one of the four provinces of the Union (later Republic) of South Africa, and one of the nine provinces of South Africa from 1994; OFS; Vrystaatnoun. Also attributive.See also Boer Republic sense b.
1858H. Hall inCape Monthly Mag.III. May 301The contest now raging between the Dutch farmers of the Free State and the Basutu chief Moshesh has naturally excited a considerable degree of interest.
1886R. JamesonRough Notes of Trip to Tvl Gold-Fields 1 (Pettman)Busied himself collecting the Free State coal, as the dried cow-dung is euphoniously called.
1913C. PettmanAfricanderisms 178Free State coal, A euphemism for the dried Mist..which is largely used for fuel in up-country homesteads.
1945N. DevittPeople & Places 142Free State Coal was..the humorous name given by the early transport riders to the dried cow-dung from which the campfires of those days were made on the main transport roads.
1971Informant, TvlWe burn cow-dung in our province, but only in the sticks. It’s called ‘Free State Coal’.
1986M. Henry inSomerset Budget 2 Oct.Free State coal is..cow dung used for fuel where wood is scarce, but why the honour went to the Free State..is a mystery.
1990C. LaffeatyFar Forbidden Plains 235Her pails filled with dry dung which they had christened ‘Free State Coal’, she would cross the drift again and the bitter, desolate reality would stare her in the face.
From 1854 to 1901, an independent Boer republic; subsequently one of the four provinces of the Union (later Republic) of South Africa, and one of the nine provinces of South Africa from 1994; OFS; Vrystaatnoun. Also attributive.
of or pertaining to anything regarded as rustic, primitive, or defective.
Hence Free Staternoun phrase, an inhabitant of the Orange Free State.
1882S. HeckfordLady Trader in Tvl 19In the Orange Free State..I heard much political talk, adverse to the English, from an old Free-Stater somewhat addicted to the bottle.
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