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Free State, noun phrase and adjectival phrase

Origin:
DutchShow more Short for Orange Free State translation of Dutch Oranje Vrijstaat (from vrijstaat free state, republic).
A. noun phrase From 1854 to 1901, an independent Boer republic; subsequently one of the four provinces of the Union (later Republic) of South Africa, and one of the nine provinces of South Africa from 1994; OFS; Vrystaat noun. Also attributive. See also Boer Republic sense b.
1858 H. Hall in Cape Monthly Mag. III. May 301The contest now raging between the Dutch farmers of the Free State and the Basutu chief Moshesh has naturally excited a considerable degree of interest.
1990 M. Kentridge Unofficial War 29‘Zola’ refers to the Free State athlete Zola Budd.
B. adjectival phrase
1. Used facetiously, alluding to the province’s predominantly agricultural nature: of or pertaining to anything regarded as rustic, primitive, or defective.
1871 W.G. Atherstone in A.M.L. Robinson Sel. Articles from Cape Monthly Mag. (1978) 145All day at ‘Free State’ speed (the adaged rate of an old Dutch plough), we furrowed the alluvial flats.
1991 M. Luyt Informant, GrahamstownA Free State sandwich? Two slices of stywe pap with soft porridge in between!
2. combination
Free State coal colloquial, dried dung, used as fuel where wood and coal are scarce; Karoo coal, see Karoo sense 3; kraal fuel, see kraal noun sense 3 d; also called mis (sense 1).
[1882 J. Nixon Among Boers 127There was a fireplace in the sitting room, in which, during the winter, coal was burned — coal from the Free State!]
1990 C. Laffeaty Far Forbidden Plains 235Her pails filled with dry dung which they had christened ‘Free State Coal’, she would cross the drift again and the bitter, desolate reality would stare her in the face.
From 1854 to 1901, an independent Boer republic; subsequently one of the four provinces of the Union (later Republic) of South Africa, and one of the nine provinces of South Africa from 1994; OFS; Vrystaatnoun. Also attributive.
of or pertaining to anything regarded as rustic, primitive, or defective.
Derivatives:
Hence Free Stater noun phrase, an inhabitant of the Orange Free State.
1882 S. Heckford Lady Trader in Tvl 19In the Orange Free State..I heard much political talk, adverse to the English, from an old Free-Stater somewhat addicted to the bottle.
1992 Financial Mail 13 Mar. 6Ian Palmer, the Free Stater who startled European golf by winning the Asian Classic in Bangkok.

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18581992

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