2.in the phrase hamba kahle/ˌhʌmbəˈɡɑːʃli/, /ˌhambaˈɡɑːɬe/, also hamba couthley, hamba gachle, hamba gahle, hamba gahlé, hamba gahli, hamba gashli, hamba gashly, hamba gathle, hamba gooshly, hamba gthlie, hamba kahale, hamba khole [Zulu or (occasionally) Xhosa kahle, see gashle (in Xhosa more commonly hamba kakuhle); when addressing more than one person, the form hambani kahle is used], used in the following ways:
1880E.F. SandemanEight Months in Ox-Waggon 352Their cheerful ‘Amba gashly, amba gashly,’ the usual mode of parting salutation meaning, ‘Go gently or peaceably,’ rang upon my ears.
1893J.F. IngramStory of Gold Concession 127I..set out amidst a barking of dogs, a lowing of cattle, and a chorus of ‘Hambanie gthlie, Myieesa!’ (‘Go in peace, Myieesa!’)
1898B. MitfordInduna’s Wife 160Then the Amabuna rose and shook the King by the hand, and we, as they took leave of us, all called out, ‘Hambani-gahli’ with right good-will. [Note] ‘Go ye in peace.’
1937C. BirkbyZulu Journey 283‘Hamba gahle,’ I called to them in goodbye.
1941A.G. BeeKalahari Camp Fires (1943) 214He shouted the Matabele word ‘Salaniguthle,’ meaning ‘goodbye’ and there came in chorus from our battered regiments the answer, ‘Hamba gathle,’ ‘Go prosperously.’
[1956A. SampsonDrum 92‘Hamba Kahle’ (‘Go Well,’ the African ‘good-bye’).]
1978Daily Dispatch 1 Aug. 3In a written message from the Lord Chief Justice..it was said that..Mr Titterton had brought lustre to the law in Transkei. ‘Hamba kahle,’ (go well) Mr Titterton was told in the message.
[1982M. MzamaneChildren of Soweto 216As the coffin was being lowered into the grave, the church choir of St. Francis sang ‘Hamba, hamba kahle’ (Farewell, farewell).]
1958A. SampsonTreason Cage 55Kadalie..became persuaded by his European friends to drop the weapons of militancy and to keep to a policy of Hamba Kahle — hasten slowly — which amounted in effect to doing nothing.
1969Post 7 Dec. 9Mr M.C. Botha, Minister of Bantu Development, sees 1969 as the year of resettlement hamba kahle...He is on record as saying: ‘We have on occasions had to do a great deal of persuading to get them to move — but they are volunteers. The Bantu like moving.’
1970J.V. WintersInformant, KimberleyHamba Kahle. Zulu expression adopted by road safety and Springs Town City Council meaning Drive slowly.
1971Daily Dispatch 15 Nov. 12Paramount Chief Kaiser Matanzima..intends to ‘hamba kahle’ still. He is well advised to take no chances.
1967J.A. BrosterRed Blanket Valley 185Suddenly the children were shy,..but the brave ones stepped resolutely forward, took my hand and with the tenderness of childhood said ‘Hamba kahle’ (Go carefully).
1978Sunday Times 23 Apr. (Mag. Sect.) 3There’s a Table Mountain guide..and a map of the mountain can be obtained from the local publicity association. Hamba gahle.
1908D. BlackburnLeaven 299I should be only a kitchen boy, as I was in Maritzburg, with the police always waiting to catch me for being out after the ‘hamba kyah’ bell had rung.
1951L.G. GreenGrow Lovely 156The plague frightened Cape Town and thousands of native labourers shouted ‘Hamba Kya’ and clamoured for passes so that they could return to their homes.
4.In the phrase forever hamba [especially in early uses, a pun on the book title Forever Amber],used jokingly (as noun phrase and verbal phrase) to allude to the forcible removal of people in terms of the policies of apartheid.
1952‘Kaapenaar’ inDrum Sept. 10This is the story of the educated African who walked the streets of Johannesburg in search of a job...And do you know what he has decided to call his masterpiece?..‘Forever Hamba!’ of course.
1964Drum Nov. 4520,000 people removed after a century — the country cries Will we forever ‘hamba’?
1974Drum 8 Aug. 48‘The people are just not in a mood to start from scratch once more. They are sick and tired of being a nation of forever hambas,’ he said pounding his fist into his palm.
1981Voice 12 Aug. 2So it’s forever hamba. The removals of Blacks continue unabated.
1989Sunday Times 19 Nov. 12Another best-seller, Forever Hamba, also known as the Oshikati Exodus, is said to be a fascinating sequel to Good-bye Dolly Gray and is being fine-toothcombed by SA Intelligence.
5.In the imperative phrase hamba dompas/ˌhamba ˈdɔmpas/ [Afrikaans dompas see dompas; see New Nation quotation 1987],‘push off, dompas’, a slogan adopted by the National Party government to publicize the end of the law requiring black people to carry identity documents at all times. Also attributive.See also pass sense 3.
1986Pace Aug. 4Anyhow, me too, I say Hamba Dompas (but no welcome to the new-one stinker either).
1987New Nation 9 July 7He rubbed shoulders with Peter Sepuma in a popular play, ‘Hamba Dompas’...The title of the play was later used by the South African government during the phasing out of ‘stinka’ or ‘ndzangana’ as the passbook is called.
1987Pace Nov. 14No amount of expense or ‘positive’ Hamba Dompas advertising could convince or coerce blacks into believing..that they should flock in droves to apply for the new ID.
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