eina, interjection, , noun, , and & adjective

Forms:
aina, ehnaShow more Formerly also aina, ehna, enna, ijna.
Origin:
Afrikaans, Khoikhoi, NamaShow more Afrikaans; perhaps from Khoikhoi interjections (of pain) + ‖ná (of surprise), or from Nama interjection /ei, nasalised in pronunciation; or see quotation 1934.
Note:
According to H.C.V. Leibbrandt (Het Kaapsche Hollandsch, 1882), the words aina, ina, inana, einá, and einaná all mean ‘mother’.
A. interjection An exclamation of pain.
1913 C. Pettman Africanderisms 164Enna or Ijna, (Hot. *ē! Interj. of pain; *nā! Interj. of astonishment — each word has an initial click, the former the dental, the latter the lateral.) An exclamation of pain common in the Midlands.
1934 C.P. Swart Supplement to Pettman. 48Eina, An exclamation of pain, very common in South Africa even among English-speaking children. According to Kroenlein it is derived from the Hottentot ‘aisen’ to become ill.
1959 J. Meiring Candle in Wind 72And now, ou Rosie, if the baby..ag, eina!..Ag, but the pains are terrible.
1963 A. Fugard Blood Knot (1968) 163My feet are killing me again. I’ve been on them today you know (touching the toes) Eina! Eina!
1971 Fair Lady 24 Nov. 27Ouch! Eina! Ouff! Blow by blow we housewives are being beaten into despair by the ugly bogy — the cost of living.
1982 Drum Oct. 88Einaaa...well, that’s what happens when an impi..surges forward to get a last glance of their king...some just have to topple over.
1988 D. Kenmuir Song of Surf 27‘Eina!’ The expression broke from his lips, but further exclamations of pain were smothered as an icy wave surged into the pool.
1990 A. Wagenaar in Personality 21 May 23You thought South African prices were going through the roof. R30 000 for a Toyota. Eina! R150 000 for a Merc. Voertsek!
1991 P. Slabolepszy Braait Laaities. 20Eina! Dammit! Look what you’ve done now — !
1994 M-Net TV 8 Sept. (Egoli)‘That little girl — eina!’ ‘You can say that again!’
B. noun
1. Pain; a wound.
1971 Personality 24 Sept. (advt)First aid for cuts — without the ‘eina’. Sometimes treating your child causes more fuss than the actual wound.
1972 M. Greenblo Informant, Cape Town‘What happened to Katherine’s leg?’ ‘You’ve got an eina, haven’t you, love?’
1991 T. Baron in Sunday Times 5 May 27I had einas enough..without wanting to listen to what was bothering him.
2. combinations
Eina-taal, fanakalo;
eina tree, a species of Acacia; also called doringboom.
1972 P. Becker in Star 17 Mar. B6Some of the Fanakalo jargon is..discordant to the philological ear...I’ve even heard it called ‘Eina-taal’.
1983eina tree: [see doringboom].
C. adjective Painful.
1982 E. Prov. Herald 25 Aug. 24 (advt)Eina!! (But what the heck!) Giddy’s Eina Price R438,80. This Eina Week ends 4th September!
1989 Sunday Times 24 Dec. 11If there’s criticism of something I’ve written that I’m not so sure about..bliksem! It’s eina!
An exclamation of pain.
Pain; a wound.
Painful.
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19131994

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