doringboom, noun

Forms:
α. dooren-boom, doorn-boomShow more dooren-boom, doorn-boom, dorn boom;
β. dooringboom, doringboom.
Also with initial capital.
Plurals:
doringbome /ˈduərəŋbuəmə/, doringboome /ˈduərəŋbuəmə/.
Origin:
Afrikaans, South African Dutch, DutchShow more Afrikaans (earlier South African Dutch doornboom), from Dutch doorn thorn (plural doren) + boom tree.
Any of several thorny trees, usually of the genus Acacia of the Fabaceae, especially A. karroo, which has long, conspicuous white spines; thorn; thorn-tree. See also eina tree (eina noun sense 2), sweet thorn.
α.
1786 G. Forster tr. of A. Sparrman’s Voy. to Cape of G.H. I. 243At Duyvenhoeks-rivier we first saw the dorn boom, or tree called mimosa nilotica, which produces the gum arabic.
1790 tr. of F. Le Vaillant’s Trav. II. 305The plain was covered with the mimosa, which the planters name dooren-boom.
a1827 D. Carmichael in W.J. Hooker Botanical Misc. (1831) II. 281The Doorn boom, a species of Mimosa,..never grows to any considerable height in the open plain, but spreads out like a parasol.
1844 J. Backhouse Narr. of Visit 199The country became drier, the grass was short and brown, and many of the hills were besprinkled with Doornboom.
1847 J. Barrow Autobiog. Memoir 148We met with a thicket of doornboom, or thorn-tree, a species of mimosa, armed from its summit to the ground with enormous double thorns.
1868 L. Pappe Florae Capensis 11Acacia horrida...The demulcent derived from the Doornboom is well known as an article of commerce.
1906 F. Blersch Handbk of Agric. 258The doornboom, karoo thorn, or mimosa (Acacia horrida), become injurious by their getting into and spoiling wool and hair.
1913 C. Pettman Africanderisms 150Doornboom, Acacia horrida. A widely distributed tree, covered with large white thorns, growing in large numbers along the banks of Karoo rivers, as well as in the open veld. Though generally spoken of as a mimosa, it is not a true mimosa.
β.
[1936 C. Birkby Thirstland Treks 67Dry rivers seam the way occasionally, lined with the acacia horrida, which the Afrikaner calls the doringboom.]
1971 Baraitser & Obholzer Cape Country Furn. 270Most furniture consists of crude chairs made from local shrubs and trees, particularly Karee and doringboom.
1973 O.H. Spohr tr. of F. Krauss’s Trav. Jrnl 75Again there were many dooring boome, mimosa horrida.
1983 T. Baron in Frontline June 29Acacia is your..common or garden doringboom..various species..abound..the eina tree, wag-n-bietjie, gomdoring..haak-en-steek, katdoring, papierdoring, soetdoring, rooi-doring, blinkhaakdoring, drievingerdoring and horingdoring..to name a few.
1988 G. Silber in Style July 31Here is a man who is equally at ease in the company of Oliver Tambo under a doringboom in Lusaka, as he is in the company of Magnus Malan around a campfire in a northern Transvaal hunting lodge.
Any of several thorny trees, usually of the genus Acacia of the Fabaceae, especially A. karroo, which has long, conspicuous white spines; thorn; thorn-tree.

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17861988