buck, noun1

Origin:
South African DutchShow more Calque formed on South African Dutch bok, see bok.
1. Plural -s, or unchanged.
a. Any antelope, whether male or female; venison; bok sense 1 a. Also attributive.
1829 C. Rose Four Yrs in Sn Afr. 82The men were sitting round the fire with their dogs and arms about them, and two freshly killed bucks had been the sport of the day.
1841 J.M. Bowker Speeches & Sel. (1864) 105At least 500 Kafirs had been clearing the hunting grounds of the Hottentot settlement at the Kat River of game, killing between 300 and 400 bucks.
1851 J.F. Churchill Diary. (Killie Campbell Africana Library MS37) 1119 Apr.Saw a Buck in the cool of the morning but my Friends did not succeed in getting a shot at it.
1858 T. Shone Diary. 1 JulyFor dinner Potatoes and fry’d buck no tea.
1878 T.J. Lucas Camp Life & Sport 203An avant-garde formed of two or three single bucks, precedes the rest at full speed taking the most surprising leaps into the air in succession.
1900 B. Mitford Aletta 129He was fond of sport and had intended to ask for a day or two’s leave to join a buck hunt on one of the farms.
1919 R.Y. Stormberg With Love from Gwenno 5We had all sorts of nice weird things to eat —..venison — which they call ‘buck.’
1925 D. Kidd Essential Kafir 318Every bush was searched, and the ‘buck’ were driven out. [Note] The word, thus used, will sound absurd to British sportsmen. In South Africa wild animals of certain species are classed as ‘buck’, without regard to sex.
1967 E.M. Slatter My Leaves Are Green 31The buck moved round us in enormous herds — buff-coloured kudu with their huge frames, eland with beautiful spiral horns.
1970 Argus 24 Dec. 2A great number of buck, snakes and birds succumbed in the raging fire.
1975 S. Afr. Panorama July 47While travelling around the reserve on the dirt roads a visitor may be surprised at the sight of..antelope amidst tall grass or of a buck hobbling across the veld.
b. With distinguishing epithets designating particular species of antelope: see blesbuck, blue buck, bontebuck, bushbuck, diker-buck, gemsbuck, grysbuck, Harris buck, klip-buck, red-buck, reedbuck, rhebuck, rietbuck, roebuck, rooibuck, springbuck, steenbuck, stembuck, stonebuck, trekbuck (see trek sense 12 b), waterbuck. See also bok sense 1 b.
1832 Graham’s Town Jrnl 13 July 112The old denizens of the wilderness, Bush-bucks, Riet-bucks, and Bucks with every variety of prefix have disappeared.
2. Plural bucks. A goat; bok sense 2. Also attributive.
Note:
Used also in U.S. English; obsolete in British English.
1832 M. Boyce in Graham’s Town Jrnl 15 June 98The old man immediately went away as he was in haste, managing, however, to finish half a ‘buck’, which I had just purchased and killed.
1838 J. Collett Diary. I. 7 Julyrode this Evg to Vandervyfers to purchase caparter Bucks.
1854 R.J. Mullins Diary. 5 MayI have got 47 bucks (goats) now, so we shall not be without animal food; they are fine and young.
1902 H.J. Duckitt Hilda’s Diary of Cape Hsekeeper 282For Hoarseness in Children.- Blue-gum leaves fried in buck-fat or goat-lard, with a little turpentine to soften it, rubbed into the chest, or applied on a linen rag as a plaster, is excellent.
1913 J.J. Doke Secret City 91Goats, or ‘bucks’, as we call them, are the most stupid of animals.
1968 K. McMagh Dinner of Herbs 24We suffered exceedingly when we had buck-fat plasters put on our chests and some meddlesome old crone suggested that we be rubbed with honey back and front.
1987 N. Riddick Informant, GeorgeEvery time I caught those bucks, over at my place, nobody would tell me who was the owner.
Any antelope, whether male or female; venison; bok1 a. Also attributive.
see blesbuck, blue buck, bontebuck, bushbuck, diker-buck, gemsbuck, grysbuck, Harris buck, klip-buck, red-buck, reedbuck, rhebuck, rietbuck, roebuck, rooibuck, springbuck, steenbuck, stembuck, stonebuck, trekbucktrek12 b, waterbuck.
A goat; bok2. Also attributive.

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18291987