DSAE test file

boma, noun1

Origin:
East African English, Swahili, South African EnglishShow more East African English, from Swahili, stockade, enclosure; specific and extended senses have developed in South African English.
An enclosure.
1. A thorny fence or defensive barrier.
Note:
Also East African English.
1906 H. Rider Haggard Benita 244To leave their camp was not easy, since they had made a thorn boma round it, to protect them in case the Makalanga should make a night sally.
1990 J. Heale Scowler’s Luck 34Mrs van Wyk had scurried her girls into finding enough thorny branches to build a ‘boma’ for defence.
2. An open, usually circular, fenced space in the rest camp of a game reserve or safari lodge, used for meals and social gatherings; lapa noun sense 2.
1968 M. Doyle Impala 55The flames shot up, illuminating the curved reed wall of the boma and the trunk of the shadowing ironwood tree.
1990 L. Van Hoven in S. Afr. Panorama MayJune 27Food and drink..taste just that much better when served in the boma (traditional reed shelter) around a huge, smouldering fire.
3.
a. A stockaded enclosure in which game animals are kept for their protection.
Note:
Also East African English.
1971 Grocott’s Mail 8 June 3The recently-acquired buffalo male and female from Addo have made their home in a kloof near the reserve picnic area, although they revisit the boma each night.
1990 Daily Dispatch 19 July 8The hippos’ natural feeding area beside their water habitat was fenced off and they were attracted with food through an opening into a boma.
b. With distinguishing epithet:
cattle-boma, an enclosure for cattle; also called kraal (noun sense 3 a).
Note:
Also East African English.
1973 The 1820 Vol.46 No.9, 36Many ancient Zulu traditions will survive. You can tell the number of wives a man has by counting the huts surrounding his cattle-boma.
4. figurative. A mental or social barrier. Cf. laager noun sense 4.
1988 J. Michell in Style Mar. 46Privileged people who gallop ahead of the herd are compelled to construct barriers and admit only the trusted few. Within her mental boma the chosen meet an entirely different Jessie.
1990 Sunday Times 27 May (Mag. Sect.) 20Excited readers in London provoked the jackals at home to bay for his blood from their Calvinist bomas and in South Africa the book was banned.
An enclosure.
A thorny fence or defensive barrier.
An open, usually circular, fenced space in the rest camp of a game reserve or safari lodge, used for meals and social gatherings; lapanoun2.
A stockaded enclosure in which game animals are kept for their protection.
A mental or social barrier.

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