Xhosa, South African EnglishShow more Xhosa ibhoma fruit orchard, used erroneously in Xhosa instead of ibhuma seclusion hut. In South African English, this usage is reinforced by confusion with bomanoun1.
The seclusion hut or lodge occupied during circumcision rituals by initiates from the same clan.
1963Wilson & MafejeLanga 106The essential acts..are (i) purification..; (ii) seclusion and circumcision in a boma ‘built in the bush’; (iii) the burning of the boma, purification, feasting, and admonition...An initiate’s hut, a boma, is built beforehand.
1964G. GordonFour People 16When his uncle had buried the little piece of skin..and had dressed the wound..Philemon, now an umkhwetha, entered the boma.
1976R.L. PeteniHill of Fools 122Bhuqa and five other boys of his age-group entered the circumcision school or went to the forest...The bhoma in which they were to live for about three months was hidden from their village but was within easy reach of it.
1989Weekend Post 9 Dec. 7 (caption)Abakwetha..next to their iboma (hut).
1989Weekend Post 9 Dec. 7 (caption)Once initiation is complete, their clothing and amaboma (huts) are burnt, and new clothes are put on to signify the start of adult life.
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