springhaas, noun

Plurals:
unchanged, springhase /ˈsprəŋˌhɑːsə/, or (formerly) springhasen.
Origin:
South African Dutch, DutchShow more South African Dutch, from Dutch spring jump(ing) + haas hare.
The large nocturnal rodent Pedetes capensis, the sole species of the Pedetidae, with long hind legs which make possible its kangaroo-like bounds; berghaas, see berg sense 1 b ii; springhare. Also attributive.
1786 G. Forster tr. of A. Sparrman’s Voy. to Cape of G.H. II. 194By the colonists it is called berg-haas, or spring-haas, (the mountain or bounding hare) and lives upon roots and other vegetables.
1834 T. Pringle Afr. Sketches 277The spring-haas, leaping-hare, or Cape jerboa..an animal which..burrows in the earth.
1837 J.E. Alexander Narr. of Voy. I. 347One of the party shot a spring-haas, or jumping hare, formed like the kangaroo with very short fore-legs and long hind ones.
1861 P.B. Borcherds Auto-Biog. Mem. 64The spring haas or jerboa basked and showed its white breast in the moonlight nights.
1890 A. Martin Home Life 225Most uncanny of all the hares is the springhaas. This creature, with disproportionately long hind-legs and kangaroo-like mode of progression, is never seen in the day-time, and can only be shot on moonlight nights.
1901 W.L. Sclater Mammals of S. Afr. II. 83The springhaas is found both in the plains and in mountainous country...It progresses, when pressed, by great bounds in similar fashion to a kangaroo.
1906 W.S. Johnson Orangia 16The springhaas, which jumps like a kangaroo, but is really one of the rat tribe, with bushy tail and pleasant face.
1911 Farmer’s Weekly 4 Oct. 120I have done a great deal of springhaas shooting with gun and bull’s-eye lantern.
1911 Farmer’s Weekly 11 Oct. 161Can you tell me the easiest way for [sic] getting rid of birds, field rats and springhaas, destroying crops, by poisoning or otherwise?
1954 P. Abrahams Tell Freedom 226Sometimes we set traps for Springhaas.
1990 Skinner & Smithers Mammals of Sn Afr. Subregion 200Springhaas are neither related ancestrally nor collaterally to other rodents and..their pre-Miocene history is a mystery...The name springhaas was first applied by the early Dutch settlers and has been translated into English as springhare which is unfortunate as hares belong to another family, the Leporidae.
The large nocturnal rodent Pedetes capensis, the sole species of the Pedetidae, with long hind legs which make possible its kangaroo-like bounds; berghaas, see berg1 b ii; springhare. Also attributive.

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17861990