DSAE test file

roman, noun

Plurals:
unchanged, or romans.
Origin:
AfrikaansShow more Englished form of Afrikaans rooiman, see rooiman.
1. Often with initial capital. In full roman fish: any of several red- or pink-coloured species of seabream of the Sparidae, especially a. Chrysoblephus laticeps; dageraad sense b; but also b. the dageraad (sense a), C. cristiceps; and c. the seventy-four (sense a), Polysteganus undulosus. In all senses formerly also called rooiman (sense 1). Also attributive.
Note:
Now commonly called ‘red roman’, but see quotation 1973. In Smith and Heemstra’s Smiths' Sea Fishes (1986), ‘roman’ is used exclusively for C. laticeps.
1804 R. Percival Acct of Cape of G.H. 43All kinds of fish peculiar to the Cape are found in this bay..The most common is the Roman fish, so called from its being caught about the rock of that name; it is a deep rose colour and of the perch kind.
1991 M. Holmes in E. Prov. Herald 8 Mar. 18Some of the largest Red Roman I have ever seen.
2. jagspinnekop. Rarely also with distinguishing epithet, red roman. Cf. rooiman sense 2.
1905 W.F. Purcell in Flint & Gilchrist Science in S. Afr. 178The large nocturnal..species of Solpuga..are variously known..by the name of Romans, Jagd-spinnekoppen (Hunting Spiders) or Haarscheerders (Hair cutters), and there is a current belief that they cut off the hair of a sleeping person at night.
1979 Grocott’s Mail 7 Sept. 5Sun spiders, also known as solpugas, red romans or jagspinnekoppe are not spiders but belong to a related group, the Solifugae.
Chrysoblephus laticeps; dageraadb; but also
the dageraad (sense a), C. cristiceps; and
the seventy-four (sense a), Polysteganus undulosus. In all senses formerly also called rooiman (sense 1). Also attributive.
jagspinnekop. Rarely also with distinguishing epithet, red roman. Cf. rooiman2.

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18041991