South African Dutch, French, DutchShow more South African Dutch, probably from French daurade seabream or ‘gilthead’, influenced by Dutch dageraad dawn, daybreak (see quotations 1913 and 1949).
Any of three species of seabream of the Sparidae: a.Chrysoblephus cristiceps, known for the impressive changes of colour it undergoes when close to death; roman sense 1 b.b.The roman (sense 1 a), C. laticeps.c.The panga (noun1sense a), Pterogymnus laniarius. In all senses also called daggerhead.
In Smith and Heemstra’s Smiths' Sea Fishes (1986), the name ‘dageraad’ is used for C. cristiceps.
1843J.C. ChaseCape of G.H. 168Dageraad — one of the choicest of fishes.
1853L. PappeSynopsis of Edible Fishes 20Pagrus laniarius..(Dageraad)..Strong conical teeth in the upper jaw, which..project from the mouth...The whole fish is of a dark rose-colour, with a black spot at the insertion of the pectorals.
1913C. PettmanAfricanderisms 135Dageraad,..The striking colours exhibited by this fish seem to have evoked a flash of poetic imagination...This word is sometimes corrupted into Daggerhead, Daggerheart, etc.
1949J.L.B. SmithSea Fishes of Sn Afr. 271Chrysoblephus cristiceps...Dageraad (Cape). Redfish. Daggerhead (Natal)...Adults at death one of the most beautiful of all creatures as waves of different colours pass over the body, hence the early Dutch name of Dageraad, i.e. Dawn.
1958L.G. GreenS. Afr. Beachcomber 112Dageraad is a corruption of the Portuguese word dorado, the fish that shines like gold. Cape fishermen do not use the word dageraad for dawn, they say dagbreek or daglumier.
1966Van Heyningen & BerthoudUys Krige 144Daeraad is a lovely word for a lovely fish.
1984Daily Dispatch 6 Nov. 13Sustained catches of these fish had resulted in serious depletion of the stocks of species such as galjoen,..dageraad and seventy four.
1991Weekend Post 6 Apr. 4Some of the species that new legislation aims to protect are santer.., dageraad,..and red roman.
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