multinational, adjective

Origin:
Afrikaans, Show more Translation of Afrikaans veelvolkig, veelvolkige consisting of many peoples (or ‘nations’). In Afrikaans, volk means both ‘people’ and ‘nation’ (although nasie is increasingly used for the latter).
1. Applied to South Africa and to South African society: composed of several peoples or ‘nations’. See also nation.
Note:
Often used (especially in the past) to justify apartheid as an appropriate policy for the country, the term has encountered much resistance.
1964 H.H.W. De Villiers Rivonia 31The..exhibits produced..gradually high-lighted the significance and gravity of a plot which aimed at the destruction of the centuries-old and normally peaceful and democratic way of life in South Africa’s multi-national society.
1971 Daily Dispatch 13 May 12One of the more zany premises upon which many political theories are founded in this land is that South Africa is a ‘multi-national’ country.
1973 Drum 22 Jan. 41Mr. Vorster had said he was not against ‘foreign aid’ to the Coloured section of our multi-national society.
1973 Sunday Times 27 May 17This might prove too high a price for the creation of an all-White Parliament in a multi-national and multi-racial country.
1983 F.E.O’B. Geldenhuys in Optima Vol.31 No.3, 156One example comes from the official reply of the Swiss Federation of Protestant churches: ‘...Every page evidences [their] concern to examine critically the problems presented..by the relations between the “population groups” in the “multinational South African state”.’
2. In historical contexts. Applied to sport and to sporting events, teams, and policies.
a. Of sport and sporting events: involving the participation of people from all ethnic groups in South Africa, each group being represented by its own team.
1971 Rand Daily Mail 5 Apr. 1The newspaper’s top sportswriter..suggested that it could concern the introduction of ‘multinational’ (veelvolkige) sport at an international level in South Africa.
1972 E. Prov. Herald 3 Aug. 1They will show films on multi-national sport in South Africa.
1972 Argus 16 Sept. 4It will be hard put to explain on what grounds it justifies..multiracial (though officials called it ‘multinational’) athletics competitions while barring mixed rugby trials.
1973 Sunday Times 1 Apr. (Mag. Sect.) 3He was referring to what is being called the ‘multi-national’ as opposed to the multi-racial South African Games.
1974 Drum 8 Aug. 19Even the multinational games don’t prove anything.
1980 E. Prov. Herald 27 Sept. 1Saru stressed that they would not participate in what they called multinational rugby until the laws prohibiting non-racial rugby were repealed.
b. Of sports policies: based on the concept that South Africa is comprised of several nations, each having its own sports teams.
1972 Evening Post 29 Jan. 2 (letter)Nothing shows up the hypocrisy and opportunism of the Government’s race policies more than its new so-called ‘multinational’ sports policy.
1973 E. Prov. Herald 1 June 8The tortuous ‘multinational’ and ‘open international’ formula continues to be used as the excuse for discriminating between different sports. Those that are arbitrarily favoured are allowed more relaxation of the colour bar than those that are not.
1973 Argus 16 June 4The sports policy is an extension of the policy of multinational development, and not an example of ‘multiracialism,’ ‘mixed sport’ or ‘multicoloured sport’.
c. Of sports teams: multi-racial; including representatives of more than one South African ethnic group.
1972 Sunday Times 29 Oct. 10Keep the Springbok title for White teams and build a new tradition..of a multi-national touring team.
1975 S. Afr. Panorama Sept. 19As far as variety was concerned, the multi-national South African team scored a huge success.
composed of several peoples or ‘nations’.
involving the participation of people from all ethnic groups in South Africa, each group being represented by its own team.
based on the concept that South Africa is comprised of several nations, each having its own sports teams.
multi-racial; including representatives of more than one South African ethnic group.
Derivatives:
Hence multinationalism noun, a euphemism for separate development.
1971 Daily Dispatch 16 Oct. 8They call separate development multi-nationalism or separate freedoms.
1973 Drum 8 May 14We want non-racial sport at all levels. We reject multinationalism because it maintains the racial status quo in South African sport.
1973 Star 29 Sept.I..want to know when once we are past the convoluted sentences about multi-nationalism and multi-racialism and world opinion, just what Indians and Coloureds must do to get anywhere.
1973 Radio South Africa 17 Oct. (Current Affairs)Separate development — multinationalism.
1973 Weekend Post 3 Nov. 12The concept of ‘multinationalism’ can be given neither de jure nor de facto status.
1974 E. Prov. Herald 1 July 12To prate about multinationalism in sport will not suffice.
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