illegal, adjective and & noun

Origin:
EnglishShow more Special senses of general English.
historical, colloquial
During the apartheid era:
A. adjective Of a black person: present or resident in an urban area in contravention of Section 10 of the Natives (Urban Areas) Consolidation Act. See also Section 10 sense 1.
1977 J. Sikakane Window on Soweto 25The law states that no-one may lawfully reside in Soweto or other locations without being in possession of several appropriate permits...The search for ‘illegal’ natives is carried out by the ‘blackjacks,’ the notorious municipal police.
1977 Survey of Race Rel. (S.A.I.R.R.) 159Employers..engaged ‘illegal’ Blacks at a low wage.
1979 Rand Daily Mail 14 July 1Govt. will relax law on ‘illegal’ workers. In a dramatic move yesterday, the Government announced that employers have until October 31 to register blacks who have been working illegally for them for at least a year.
1980 C. Hermer Diary of Maria Tholo 197When their reports were first presented to parliament as bills, the recommendations were considerably watered down. The definition of ‘illegal blacks’ was changed.
1983 Frontline Feb. 39He was present on a wintry day near Cape Town when officials razed the shanties of ‘illegal blacks’.
1985 Sunday Star 27 Oct. 1She went to jail this week for a principle — she refused to register her illegal maid.
B. noun [Absolute use of adjective] One who is considered ‘illegal’ in terms of Section 10 of the Natives (Urban Areas) Consolidation Act. Cf. legal.
1980 Rand Daily Mail 5 Feb. 172-hour limit on illegals to go — as test.
1981 Rand Daily Mail 13 Feb. 9Dozens of former Johannesburg municipal workers — forcibly bused to their homelands after their strike last July — have come back to the city..but are now stranded in Johannesburg as ‘illegals’.
1982 Voice 1 Aug. 5The fine for a person found guilty of this law is R500 or six months imprisonment. This also applies to anyone, whether Black or White, who allows that person (an illegal), to be in his house from 10pm to 5am.
1982 Argus 22 Oct. 14If journalists are forbidden to report what happens in the townships in the early hours of the morning — when most of the raids on ‘illegals’ are carried out — how will anyone know what is going on under the cloak of night?
1983 Pretoria News 28 Sept. 1Illegal squatter huts would not be tolerated anywhere in the Cape Peninsula, but it had to be realised that there was lots of shelter for ‘illegals’ in the bush.
1985 Platzky & Walker Surplus People 61Others said they were moved because..they did not have papers to be in town — they were ‘illegals’.
1987 M. Challenor in Star 30 Oct. 15Right-wing whites and the black illegals are defending the same thing: their homes.
1988 Now Everyone Is Afraid (Catholic Inst. for Internat. Rel.) 71It was only when the government announced that illegals could move to serviced sites and get temporary legal status, that significant numbers of people moved to Khayelitsha willingly.
1989 [see already].
present or resident in an urban area in contravention of Section 10 of the Natives (Urban Areas) Consolidation Act.
One who is considered ‘illegal’ in terms of Section 10 of the Natives (Urban Areas) Consolidation Act.
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19771988