DSAE test file

horse-sickness, noun

Origin:
South African DutchShow more Translation of South African Dutch paardeziekte, see paardeziekte.
Pathology
An acute, frequently fatal, viral disease affecting horses, mules, and donkeys, and characterized by a fever which may be followed by a swelling of the head, neck, and tongue, or by an accumulation of fluid in the lungs; paardeziekte; the sickness, see sickness. See also dikkop sense 2 a, dunkop.
Note:
Known internationally as ‘African horse sickness’, the disease is transmitted by a midge (Culicoides) which is endemic to some of the lower-lying regions of central and southern Africa.
1822 J. Campbell Trav. in S. Afr. Second Journey I. 32The horse sickness..was prevailing much at that time.
1994 M. Roberts tr. of J.A. Wahlberg’s Trav. Jrnls 1838–56 19The horse-sickness had been rampant here too.
An acute, frequently fatal, viral disease affecting horses, mules, and donkeys, and characterized by a fever which may be followed by a swelling of the head, neck, and tongue, or by an accumulation of fluid in the lungs; paardeziekte; the sickness, see sickness.
Derivatives:
Hence horse-sick adjective nonce.
1896 R. Wallace Farming Indust. of Cape Col. 320This organism has been distinguished and separated from a host of nameless organisms present in horse-sick blood.

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