diccop, dickopShow more Also diccop, dickop, dick-kop, dyk kop, and with initial capital.
South African Dutch, DutchShow more South African Dutch, from Dutch dik thick + kop head.
a.Plural unchanged, dikkops, or dikkoppe/-kɔpə/. Either of two species of nocturnal or twilight birds of the Burhinidae: i.Burhinus capensis, now usually called spotted dikkop, but frequently also Cape dikkop; formerly called bush dikkop or veld dikkop;ii.B. vermiculatus, usually called water dikkop. Also attributive.
Species of this family are elsewhere generally known as ‘thick-knees’ or ‘stone curlews’.
1856R.E.E. WilmotDiary (1984) 131The noisy dickop or little bustard (nearly identical to our stone curlew).
1860A.W. DraysonSporting Scenes 17One or two of the bustard tribe are also found here, and are called the diccop, coran, and pouw.
1867E.L. LayardBirds of S. Afr. 288Dikkop of Colonists..feeds on seeds, insects, and small reptiles.
1873‘F.R.’ inA.M.L. RobinsonSel. Articles from Cape Monthly Mag. (1978) 105That birds and animals assume the colour of the soil in which they are found is well exemplified in the Karoo, where..the kieviet, the dik-kop, and the pauw..all differ in the same manner from those found near the sea-board.
1894E. GlanvilleFair Colonist 76The whistle of the dik-kop, plaintive as the cry of the plover.
1900Grocott’s Penny Mail 24 Oct. 5At the close of the day the ‘bag’ was found to consist of 227 quail, two dikkops, 13 woodpigeons.
1908Haagner & IvySketches of S. Afr. Bird-Life 131The Bush Dikkop..inhabits the open thorn scrub,..seldom wandering far from the ‘bush’ localities.
1913J.J. DokeSecret City 272The cry of a bird, a dikkop, was repeated from bush to bush until it died away down by the river.
1931R.C. BolsterLand & Sea Birds 109The Veld Dikkop is popularly called the Bush Dikkop to distinguish him from a close relation, the Water Dikkop.
1937M. AlstonWanderings 100The dikkops (thick heads) are also known in South Africa as thick knees...They are odd birds with their big round heads and yellow eyes, unusually large, and long legs.
1947J. Stevenson-HamiltonWild Life in S. Afr. 270The dikkops or stone curlews. Two species of these are described in South Africa, the Cape Dikkop (Burhinus capensis) and the Water Dikkop (Burhinus verniculator).
1948J. Meiring inContrast 48 10A dikkop cried its lonely penetrating call into the night.
1971K.B. NewmanBirdlife in Sn Afr. (1979) The plovers, wagtails and Water Dikkop, pick the food up from the mud or water along the shoreline.
1978K. Sutton inE. Prov. Herald 14 Dec. 15A pair of Cape dikkop (Burhinus capensis)..have taken over their extensive back garden...Dikkop, though common in rural and semi rural areas, are not usually seen in built up suburbs.
1980J.O. OliverBeginner’s Guide to our Birds 68The Cape Dikkop..is found in the dry parts of the country among the scrub and bush...Its weird, whistling call can be heard on moonlight nights...The Water Dikkop..has a pale, whitish wing-bar and its legs are greenish, not bright yellow.
b. [See quotation 1903.]to play dikkop:to deceive, to feign injury.
1903E. GlanvilleDiamond Seekers 116They’re playing dik-kop...The dikkop drops his wing and shams hurt to lead you off.
1913C. PettmanAfricanderisms 144Dikkop, To play, To try to deceive as the plovers do by feigning to have a broken wing, when one approaches their eggs or young.
2.noncount.Pathology. A disease of livestock.
a.In full dikkopsiekte, dikkopziekte [South African Dutch, ziekte (later Afrikaans siekte) sickness]:a form of horse-sickness affecting the heart and causing swelling of the head, neck and tongue; blue tongue sense b. Also attributive.Cf. dunkop.
1871T. BainesDiary (1946) III. 762One of whose horses was standing apart, suffering from the ‘dikkop’ form of horse sickness.
1878A. AylwardTvl of Today 333The symptoms..had hitherto been noticed only in horse-sickness of the Dyk Kop, or swollen head and staggering type, as distinguished from the pleuritic type common in the Free State and Natal.
1882S. HeckfordLady Trader in Tvl 88There are two species of disease called ‘horse-sickness’, one of them is also called ‘Dick-kop,’ or ‘thick-head’ sickness.
1976Mönnig & VeldmanHandbk on Stock Diseases 72Dikkop shows the following lesions: Swelling of the hollows above the eyes, eyelids, etc., excessive fluid in the heart-sac and haemorrhages on the heart.
1980P. SchirmerConcise Illust. S. Afr. Encycl. 12Dikkop (African horse sickness), This acute infectious disease of horses, mules, and, sometimes, donkeys, has been almost eliminated.
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