harbeest, hartbeesShow more Also harbeest, hartbees, hartbeest, hartbest, hartebeast, hartebees, hartebeeste, hartebeests, hartebeest’s.
South African DutchShow more Calque formed on South African Dutch hardebies ‘hard reed’ (see hardbieshuis); but see also folk etymologies, quotations 1835 and 1844.
Usually in the collocations hartebeest house, hartebeest huis, hartebeest huisie/-heɪs(i)/, /-hœɪs(i)/, plural hartebeesthuise/-ə/, hartebeesthuisies [Afrikaans, huis house (+ -ie)], hartebeest hut, but also attributive (quotation 1871), and occasionally absolute (quotation 1976):designating a house, hut, temporary shelter, etc., of simple construction, usually consisting of an A-shaped thatched roof, sometimes with low reed or wattle-and-daub base walls; hardbieshuis.See also kapstylhuis.
1815A. Plumptretr. ofH. Lichtenstein’s Trav. in Sn Afr. (1930) II. 95Not far from this wretched cabin stood a somewhat more spacious, but very ruinous straw hut, of the sosee quotationrt which is here called hartebeesthuisje.
1820T. Pringle inQuarterly Bulletin of S. Afr. Library Dec., 1951 54Our Hartebeest Huts as they call them here (being entirely composed of willow trees covered with reeds without side walls) are both roomy and neat.
1821C.I. LatrobeJrnl of Visit 361[A] hartebeest-house, being a roof put upon a wall about two feet in height.
1835J.W.D. MoodieTen Yrs in S. Afr.II. 138In a few days we got our rude huts covered in...These temporary habitations are called by the Dutch colonists ‘harte-beest’ huts, as they are in the habit of constructing them as a shelter when they are far from home,..hunting the ‘harte-beest’ antelope.
1844J. BackhouseNarr. of Visit 357The Hartebeest houses, are so called from an imaginary similarity in their figure, to the outline of..the Hartebeest.
1844J. BackhouseNarr. of Visit 437Andres Van Wyk, a Bastaard, was the Field-cornet; he lived in a hartebeest-hut.
1871J. MackenzieTen Yrs N. of Orange River 121Though rough-looking..it forms a delightful shelter from..the sun...It is ‘hartebeest’ shape.
1875J.J. BissetSport & War 264In those days these migratory farmers did not build houses, but..erected what is called a hartebeast hut, made by a series of rafters sloping from the ground to where they meet above, with cross lathing and covered with long reeds or bulrushes, and plastered on one or both sides.
1896H.A. BrydenTales of S. Afr. 213In the big wagon, or in some temporary hartebeest house of reeds and clay, had the family of this sturdy pair been reared around them.
1897‘F. Macnab’On Veldt & Farm 125One afternoon I took down my blankets to the Molopo, rigged up a hartebeest tent, and arrayed myself in costume suitable for bathing.
1911D.B. Hook’Tis but Yesterday 45The Hartebeest hut of grass and wattles in the shape of the tent of a Cape wagon was shady, and cool, and tidy.
1916J.M. OrpenReminisc. (1964) 304We went to Joachim Prinsloo’s ‘hartebeest house’.
1927C.G. BothaSocial Life in Cape Col. 83Those who moved from place to place built themselves a temporary dwelling..a wattle and daub hut built after the fashion of the natives — a hartebeesthuis. The walls consisted of a palisade filled in with thatch and covered over inside and outside with mud.
1937C.R. PranceTante Rebella’s Saga 152The Police Sub-Inspector on his 800-mile round..had Sarel’s ‘hartebeestehuis’ marked on his time-table as the outspan for a day and night.
1945C.J.J. Van Rensburg inOutspan 20 July 37One evening I came to a little ‘hartebeeste huisie’...Together with the family of eight I slept in the one room of the house. The floor was smeared with cattle dung and we lay on goat-skins.
1946E. RosenthalGeneral De Wet 7Hartebeest-houses..were the earliest kind of huts which the Boers..put up in places where they halted their ox-wagons. Unable to secure bricks, they contented themselves with walls of reed, resting on roughly trimmed branches, and capped with a pitched roof of the same material. In the history of South Africa the Hartebeest-house plays the same part as does the Log Cabin in that of America.
1963R. LewcockEarly 19th C. Archit. 218These houses were only temporary shelters, many of them probably being ‘hartebeesthuisies’.
1966Van Heyningen & BerthoudUys Krige 77An old woman living alone, poor and forgotten, with her ancient servant Mina in a ‘hartebeeshuisie’ in the town of Pietermaritzburg.
1973J. CopeAlley Cat 125We reached the Koraqua stad, a tiny village of mud-brick and reed ‘hartebees’ houses and three or four boreholes with windpumps.
1976B. RobertsKimberley 16Bultfontein consisted of ‘a small mud cottage with two rooms, a hartebeeste (a little thatched outhouse) and a long upland flat sloping to a “pan” full of brak water’.
1977F.G. ButlerKaroo Morning 39If you were lucky you lived in a hartbeeshuisie or rondavel rather than a bell tent.
1981Grocott’s Mail 7 Aug.The early trekboere..moved eastwards from about 1745 and lived in humble ‘hartbeeshuise’.
1981Sunday Times 13 Sept. 7The couple moved into the ‘hartbees huisie’ — made of mud bricks, and plastered with mud — in 1906.
1986S. Afr. Panorama May 29Contemplating the bustle of Pretoria today, it requires a considerable leap of the imagination to envisage the city as it was..when the first Voortrekkers..put up their wattle-and-daub hartbeeshuisies.
1986S. Afr. Panorama May 31The only remaining thatch-roofed Voortrekker house in the Transvaal is the Pioneer House in Silverton which..is a more elaborate building than the true hartebeest house.
1989F.G. ButlerTales from Old Karoo 38I have all your pictures framed all round my hartbeeshuisie walls.
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