harder, noun

Forms:
haarder, hardersShow more Also haarder, harders, harter.
Origin:
DutchShow more Dutch, ‘mullet’.
Any of several species of either marine or freshwater mullet of the Mugilidae, plentiful in Cape waters, especially the marine mullet Liza richardsonii; springer sense 2 b. Also attributive. See also bokkem.
Note:
In Smith and Heemstra’s Smiths' Sea Fishes (1986) the name ‘southern mullet’ is used for Liza richardsonii.
1731 G. Medley tr. of P. Kolben’s Present State of Cape of G.H. II. 193There is..about the Cape a Sort of Herrings the Cape-Europeans call Harters.
1804 R. Percival Acct of Cape of G.H. 44The harder, somewhat of the flavour and appearance of our herring, but thicker.
a1823 J. Ewart Jrnl (1970) 56A small fish called harders, similar to mackrel, of which a quantity has been caught in one morning, valued at from two to three hundred rixdollars.
1831 S. Afr. Almanac & Dir.January..Fish in Season. Hottentot, red Stumpnose, Harder.
1861 A Lady Life at Cape (1963) 2Charles and Freddie..catch ‘harders’ and ‘klipfish’..off the wharves and jetties running into Table Bay.
1891 H.J. Duckitt Hilda’s ‘Where Is It?’ p.ixSome kinds of fish broiled are very good, such as the Cape ‘Harder,’ ‘Hottentot Fish’ or ‘Snoek’.
1892 P.L. Simmonds Commercial Dict. of Trade ProductsHarder, a kind of mullet..caught near the coasts of the Cape Colony.
1910 J. Runcie Idylls by Two Oceans 31The head of a snoek or harder..she would bring along in her mouth.
1949 J.L.B. Smith Sea Fishes of Sn Afr. 316The Mugilidae feed mainly on minute plants, eggs, and..young marine creatures...Some of the species appear never to jump from the water save in small hops at any stage...Those are termed ‘Mullet’ or ‘Haarder’. Some species jump well from the earliest stages...These are commonly termed ‘Springers’.
1960 J. Cope Tame Ox 157He..pointed off the bow. ‘A shoal there, Mevrou, maasbankers or haarders.’
1973 Farmer’s Weekly 18 Apr. 102So fine is its flavour that the real harder-lover will always eat it simply grilled and served with lemon.
1985 A. Tredgold Bay between Mountains 143Barrels were stacked in a shed on the beach and into these would be put as many as 10 000 harders for salting.
1993 Flying Springbok Apr. 126Bokkems — harders salted and dried like biltong — are a popular snack.
Any of several species of either marine or freshwater mullet of the Mugilidae, plentiful in Cape waters, especially the marine mullet Liza richardsonii; springer2 b. Also attributive.

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