geelbek, noun

Forms:
geelbec, geelbeckShow more Also geelbec, geelbeck, kiel-back.
Origin:
South African DutchShow more South African Dutch, geel yellow + bek mouth, beak.
1.
a. The marine fish Atractoscion aequidens of the Sciaenidae, so named for the bright yellow edges to its jaws and gill covers; Cape salmon sense 1 a; also called kob. Also attributive.
Note:
The name ‘geelbek’ is used for this species in Smith and Heemstra’s Smiths' Sea Fishes (1986).
a1827 D. Carmichael in W.J. Hooker Botanical Misc. (1831) II. 267The Galeon fish, the Geelbek, and Cabillau, were invariably found together.
1831 S. Afr. Almanac & Dir.May: Fish in Season..Snoek, Geelbek, Silverfish, Roman, Kabeljau.
1860 A.W. Drayson Sporting Scenes 302The shooting amusement at Natal could be changed sometimes, as the fishing in the bay was excellent...A large number of fish of different kinds were often caught — rock-cod..and a fish there called a kiel-back.
1880 C.W. in Cape Monthly Mag. II. Mar. 162I kept a large line overboard baited with half a harder for geelbeck..or indeed anything really big.
1891 H.J. Duckitt Hilda’s ‘Where Is It?’ 79At the Cape the best fish for pickling are ‘Kabeljou,’ [printed Kabeljon] ‘Geelbeck,’ ‘Roman,’ etc.
1902 J.D.F. Gilchrist in Trans. of S. Afr. Philological Soc. 216 (Pettman)The name Cape Salmon..is now appropriated almost exclusively by the Geelbek, a fish which, seen fresh from its native element, certainly does call to mind the brilliance and majestic proportions of its European namesake.
1931 Times Lit. Suppl. (U.K.) 16 Apr. 301Like so many of the Cape fish,..the geelbek..gets his name from the original Dutch settlers.
1949 J.L.B. Smith Sea Fishes of Sn Afr. 227Atractoscion aequidens...Salmon. Cape Salmon. Geelbek. Teraglin (Australia)...South coast of Africa and Australia. In our area known from the Cape to Natal.
1955 C. Horne Fisherman’s Eldorado 34Geelbek have a habit which results in many fish being lost. While waiting for the gaff they resort to violent head shaking.
1964 J. Bennett Mr Fisherman (1967) 104They were going up the coast to the geelbek grounds at dawn and the mackerel were biting well.
1986 M. Van Wyk Cooking the S. Afr. Way 24Whole baked geelbek. 1 whole geelbek, entrails removed.
1993 R. Van der Elst Guide to Common Sea Fishes 290Whereas it is a rare catch for rock and surf anglers, the geelbek is frequently landed by ski- and line-boat fishermen.
b. comb.
geelbek toutjie [Afrikaans, toutjie a thin strip of dried meat], a strip of dried fish .
1979 Snyman & Klarie Free from Sea 26Cape Salmon is easy to cure and this has resulted in our unique Cape delicacy, ‘Geelbek Toutjies’.
1979 Snyman & Klarie Free from Sea 83Geelbek Toutjies...A toothsome fish biltong which can be eaten raw or baked...After a week or so your Geelbek Toutjies are ready to be eaten.
2. The duck Anas undulata of the Anatidae; yellow-bill, see yellow sense a. Also attributive.
1867 E.L. Layard Birds of S. Afr. 352A[nas] Xanthorhyncha...Geelbec of Colonists and Sportsmen.
[1893 H.A. Bryden Gun & Camera 404This is a light-brown duck, and is easily identified by the bright yellow bill from which it takes its Boer name — ‘geelbec.’]
1901 W.T. Black Fish River Bush 21An occasional shot may be got at a Geelbec duck (Anas) as it flies low along the bush lining the river banks.
1906 Stark & Sclater Birds of S. Afr. IV. 135The Geelbec keeps as a rule to marshes, lakes and stagnant water, and avoids running streams.
1957 L.G. Green Beyond City Lights 224On the vleis are wild geese, the wild duck called geelbek, and flamingoes.
1967 E. Rosenthal Encycl. of Sn Afr. 201Geelbec,..(Anas undulata). The best-known and most generally distributed duck in South Africa. Also known as Yellow-bill.
1972 G.J. Broekhuysen in Std Encycl. of Sn Afr. V. 133Common species of duck are the Cape shoveller.., the black duck.., the geelbek or yellow-bill [etc.].
1994 M. Roberts tr. of J.A. Wahlberg’s Trav. Jrnls 1838–56 56Numerous flocks of ducks (Geelbecks Ent and Swart Ent): shot at them in vain.
3. obsolete. An insulting term for a ‘coloured’ person (see coloured noun).
1913 C. Pettman Africanderisms 183Geelbek,..The term is..applied abusively to a coloured person.
1934 C.P. Swart Supplement to Pettman. 54Geelbek,..Coloured persons are so called in the Western Province on account of their yellowish colour.
[1943 Weekend News & Sunday Mag. 20 Mar.Stompie Geelbek and Pals celebrate Oubaas’s Visit. ‘Tank youse, Misser Geelbek,’ ses Plaatjes. ‘At least jou is gort de instinks ord er yennelman if jou is nort one!’]
The marine fish Atractoscion aequidens of the Sciaenidae, so named for the bright yellow edges to its jaws and gill covers; Cape salmon1 a; also called kob. Also attributive.
a strip of dried fish
The duck Anas undulata of the Anatidae; yellow-bill, see yellowa. Also attributive.
An insulting term for a ‘coloured’ person (see colourednoun).
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