baardman, noun

Forms:
Also baartman, and with initial capital.
Plurals:
unchanged.
Origin:
AfrikaansShow more Afrikaans, baard beard + man man.
Also in diminutive forms baardmannetje, baardmannetjie /-manəki/.
1. Any of various fishes with barbels on the lips and/or chin. a. The marine fish Umbrina canariensis of the kob family (Sciaenidae). b. The freshwater fish Barbus andrewi of the Cyprinidae; also called yellowfish (sense a).
Note:
In Smith and Heemstra’s Smiths' Sea Fishes (1986), the name ‘baardman’ is used for Umbrina canariensis.
1853 L. Pappe Synopsis of Edible Fishes 16Umbrina capensis..Baardmannetje. Snout obtuse.., lower jaw shortest with a barbel...Measures from 2 to 2½ feet, and is reputed for its delicious flesh.
1902 J.D.F. Gilchrist in Trans. of S. Afr. Philological Soc. XI. iv. 226Baardman...Umbrina capensis.
1907 E. London Dispatch 5 Dec. (Pettman)Baartman (white-fish, barbel, catfish), a well-known ugly species of the family Siluridae.
1913 W.W. Thompson Sea Fisheries of Cape Col. 138A very similar species, but not much esteemed for eating, is the White-visch or Baardman (Barbus capensis) which is fairly plentiful at times in the Breede and Dwars Rivers.
1951 L.G. Green Grow Lovely 91The baardman has a feeler under the jaw.
1972 Grocott’s Mail 17 Mar. 3He gave me to understand that the baardman were also about. These wily fish are seldom taken in any numbers although they are often seen in the waves close inshore.
1982 S. Afr. Fishing Apr.May 10At present the surf areas are..providing most of the action in the form of baardman, steenbras, elf, leerfish and cob.
1992 V. Kabalin in Afr. Wildlife Vol.46 No.2, 201We would like to see an immediate cancellation of this..privilege until it can be scientifically proven that this..open season has no ill effect on the sustainable stock in the Bay of yellowtail, kob, baartman, elf and steenbras.
2. A small bird, Sporopipes squamifrons, so called because of moustache- or beard-like stripes on its throat.
Note:
Also occasionally called scaly weaver.
1913 C. Pettman Africanderisms 39Baardmannetje, The name refers to its black moustache. This bird is also called the Scaly feathered finch.
1967 E. Rosenthal Encycl. of Sn Afr. 30Baardman..or Scaly Weaver, One of the commonest little birds of dry areas.
1985 G.L. Maclean Roberts’ Birds of Sn Afr. 714Identification: Small..forecrown black, scaled white (hence ‘Scalyfeathered’)..below whitish with bold black malar stripes (good field character, hence ‘Baardmannetjie’).
3. [see quotation 1966.] The flowering plant Melasphaerula ramosa of the Iridaceae.
1917 R. Marloth Dict. of Common Names of Plants 8Baard’mannetje, Melasphaerula graminea. Allied to Gladiolus.
1966 C.A. Smith Common Names 68Baardmannetjie,..Flowers cup-like with long tapering segments. The unusually long points of the segments suggest the vernacular name, literally ‘bearded little man’.
1983 M.M. Kidd Cape Peninsula 152Melasphaerula ramosa. Iridaceae. Baardmannetjie. 200–500mm, frequent in shade on the slopes of Table Mountain, Lion’s Head, and Karbonkelberg.
The marine fish Umbrina canariensis of the kob family (Sciaenidae).
The freshwater fish Barbus andrewi of the Cyprinidae; also called yellowfish (sense a).
A small bird, Sporopipes squamifrons, so called because of moustache- or beard-like stripes on its throat.
The flowering plant Melasphaerula ramosa of the Iridaceae.
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