Bakwena, plural noun

Forms:
α. Bacquains, BakoenaShow more Bacquains, Bakoena, Bakone, Bakuena, Bakuéna, Bakwain, Bakwains, Bakwena, Bakwenas, Ba-Kwena, Baquaina, Baquana, Baquans;
β. Kwena.
Origin:
SeTswanaShow more SeTswana, ba- + Kwena, perhaps the name of an ancestral chief (literally ‘crocodile’, the totem of these people). For an explanation of unprefixed forms and forms with -s, see ba-.
(The) members of a Tswana people living mainly in the western Transvaal North West Province and Botswana. Also attributive. See also Bamangwato, Tswana sense 2 a.
Note:
The unprefixed form ‘Kwena’ is found mainly in academic contexts.
Note:
As is the case with many names of peoples and groups in South African English, this word has been found only in plural uses; however, it may be that it has also been used in unrecorded singular forms.
α.
1835 A. Smith Diary (1940) II. 75Perhaps Baquana was originally derived from Quana and implies ‘they of the crocodile,’ or the chief might have had his name from that reptile and the people were called so as the people of that chief.
1985 Platzky & Walker Surplus People 385The government is ‘motivating people to move voluntarily’. But if, as the Bakwena of Mogopa were told, they refuse to move voluntarily, they will be moved by GG trucks.
β.
1977 T.R.H. Davenport S. Afr.: Mod. Hist. 7The Kwena..dispersed during the sixteenth century from a centre in the western trans-Vaal, and spread westwards..and south-eastwards.
1986 P. Maylam Hist. of Afr. People 120In the mid-nineteenth century the Kwena were the most powerful and prominent of the Tswana chiefdoms.
(The) members of a Tswana people living mainly in the western Transvaal North West Province and Botswana. Also attributive.

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18351986