yellowwood, noun

Origin:
South African Dutch, DutchShow more Translation of South African Dutch geelhout, from Dutch geel yellow + hout wood.
Note:
In all senses also called geelhout.
1. The fine-grained golden-yellow wood of any of several species of forest tree of the genus Podocarpus (see sense 2 below). See also kalander noun2, Outeniqua sense 2 b, upright yellowwood sense b. Also attributive.
1790 E. Helme tr. of F. Le Vaillant’s Trav. II. 288I also remarked the Geele-Houtt, (yellow-wood) so called from its colour: which..is very serviceable for planks, beams, and rafters.
1988 H. Dugmore in Personality 27 June 62Stinkwood now goes for about R200 a cubic foot and yellowwood for about R75, and both are extremely difficult to come by.
2. In full yellowwood tree: any of several coniferous forest trees of the genus Podocarpus of the Podocarpaceae: a. P. falcatus, the largest of these trees, occurring naturally along the eastern and south-eastern seaboards and mountain ranges, and in the Eastern Transvaal; kalander noun2; Outeniqua sense 2 a. b. P. latifolius, a large tree occurring naturally along the eastern and southern seaboards and mountain ranges, and in the Eastern Transvaal; upright yellowwood sense a. c. P. elongatus, the smallest of the southern African yellowwoods, occurring naturally only in the Western Cape; Kaffrarian yew, see Kaffrarian; South African cedar. d. P. henkelii, a large tree occurring naturally in the mountain forests and coastal belt of KwaZulu-Natal. Also attributive, as yellowwood forest.
Note:
In F. von Breitenbach’s Nat. List of Indigenous Trees (1987), the name ‘Outeniqua yellowwood’ is used for P. falcatus, ‘real yellowwood’ for P. latifolius, ‘Breede River yellowwood’ for P. elongatus, and ‘Henkel’s yellowwood’ for P. henkelii.
1810 G. Barrington Acct of Voy. 326The most common is that called the geel hout or yellow wood. These trees grow to the amazing size of ten feet in diameter.
1987 T.F.J. Van Rensburg Intro. to Fynbos 16The Breede River yellowwood (Podocarpus elongatus) is often seen in the south. This tree, which seldom grows very high, has long, narrow leaves.
The fine-grained golden-yellow wood of any of several species of forest tree of the genus Podocarpus (see 2 below).
P. falcatus, the largest of these trees, occurring naturally along the eastern and south-eastern seaboards and mountain ranges, and in the Eastern Transvaal; kalandernoun; Outeniqua2 a.
P. latifolius, a large tree occurring naturally along the eastern and southern seaboards and mountain ranges, and in the Eastern Transvaal; upright yellowwooda.
P. elongatus, the smallest of the southern African yellowwoods, occurring naturally only in the Western Cape; Kaffrarian yew, see Kaffrarian; South African cedar.
P. henkelii, a large tree occurring naturally in the mountain forests and coastal belt of KwaZulu-Natal. Also attributive, as yellowwood forest.

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