yellowwood, noun

Origin:
South African Dutch, DutchShow more Translation of South African Dutch geelhout, from Dutch geel yellow + hout wood.
Note:
In all senses also called geelhout.
1. The fine-grained golden-yellow wood of any of several species of forest tree of the genus Podocarpus (see sense 2 below). See also kalander noun2, Outeniqua sense 2 b, upright yellowwood sense b. Also attributive.
1790 E. Helme tr. of F. Le Vaillant’s Trav. II. 288I also remarked the Geele-Houtt, (yellow-wood) so called from its colour: which..is very serviceable for planks, beams, and rafters.
1802 Cape Town Gaz. 16 Aug. 2Yellow wood Beams, 22 feet long, 10 by 12 inches, 18 to 22 Rix Dollars each.
1821 C.I. Latrobe Jrnl of Visit 197The furniture in Mr Meyer’s house, made of stink-wood, yellow-wood, and other curious woods, does him great credit, both as to beauty and strength.
1832 Graham’s Town Jrnl 14 Sept. 147Butter Casks, made of the best or real Yellow Wood, constantly on hand.
1843 J. Collett Diary. II. 12 JulySlab of Yellow Wood bored.
1855 J.W. Colenso Ten Weeks in Natal 188I saw in a humble shed at Maritzburg handsome chairs of yellow-wood.
1861 Lady Duff-Gordon Lett. from Cape (1925) 72The floor of the zolder is made of yellow wood, and resting on beams, forms the ceiling of my room.
1870 George Advertiser 14 Apr. (advt)J.C. Truter, General Dealer...Has always on hand..Yellow-wood and stinkwood Planks.
1926 P. Smith Beadle (1929) 18The shovel, the chairs.., the meal-chest, the kneading trough, the bucket-rack..were all, like the ceiling of the room and its doors and window-frames, made of yellow-wood grown rich in colour with age and beautiful with the constant use of years.
1952 G.M. Mills First Ladies of Cape 75The ‘stinkwood’ and ‘yellow-wood’ wardrobes have the characteristic gable outline which was quite traditional in furniture.
1964 J. Meintjes Manor House 9Precious yellowwood...Isn’t it beautiful? Those beams were cut in Knysna and brought here by ox-wagon, two hundred years ago.
1988 H. Dugmore in Personality 27 June 62Stinkwood now goes for about R200 a cubic foot and yellowwood for about R75, and both are extremely difficult to come by.
2. In full yellowwood tree: any of several coniferous forest trees of the genus Podocarpus of the Podocarpaceae: a. P. falcatus, the largest of these trees, occurring naturally along the eastern and south-eastern seaboards and mountain ranges, and in the Eastern Transvaal; kalander noun2; Outeniqua sense 2 a. b. P. latifolius, a large tree occurring naturally along the eastern and southern seaboards and mountain ranges, and in the Eastern Transvaal; upright yellowwood sense a. c. P. elongatus, the smallest of the southern African yellowwoods, occurring naturally only in the Western Cape; Kaffrarian yew, see Kaffrarian; South African cedar. d. P. henkelii, a large tree occurring naturally in the mountain forests and coastal belt of KwaZulu-Natal. Also attributive, as yellowwood forest.
Note:
In F. von Breitenbach’s Nat. List of Indigenous Trees (1987), the name ‘Outeniqua yellowwood’ is used for P. falcatus, ‘real yellowwood’ for P. latifolius, ‘Breede River yellowwood’ for P. elongatus, and ‘Henkel’s yellowwood’ for P. henkelii.
1810 G. Barrington Acct of Voy. 326The most common is that called the geel hout or yellow wood. These trees grow to the amazing size of ten feet in diameter.
1823 W. Shaw in B. Shaw Memorials (1841) 239Our wagons were drawn up under the shade of one of the beautiful yellow wood trees.
1835 T.H. Bowker Journal. 6 MayWe have been fireing Bullets & Balls amongst the yellow wood trees..and spoiling the timber.
1856 R.E.E. Wilmot Diary (1984) 47Plumbago bushes..overhung by yellow-wood trees in their indescribably ghostly trappings of grey moss.
1865 A Lady Life at Natal (1972) 101A yellowwood tree is a tall, grey-stemmed veteran, standing straight and stately, and clear of branches until its tall crest, forty, fifty, sixty feet high, is crowned with dark foliage.
1871 E.J. Dugmore Diary. 24 Oct.The sawyer told us of one fine old Yellowwood in the forest measuring 40 feet in circumference.
1882 T.B. Jenkinson Amazulu 196The yellow-wood forests are like those..in Griqualand.
1887 J.C. Brown Management of Crown Forests 305Some of the noble yellowwood trees now being given away to refugee sawyers..could not be produced under a couple of centuries.
1961 Palmer & Pitman Trees of S. Afr. 121The yellowwoods of our high forests are the most magnificent of all our forest trees. Standing sometimes 150 feet high, with a trunk diameter up to 11 feet, these giants tower above the surrounding forest.
1976 Weekend Argus 29 May 8The rarest type of yellowwood — the Breda River yellowwood — is to be found only in the South Western Cape. It is the smallest type,..having [a] bushy shrub-like appearance.
1987 T.F.J. Van Rensburg Intro. to Fynbos 16The Breede River yellowwood (Podocarpus elongatus) is often seen in the south. This tree, which seldom grows very high, has long, narrow leaves.
The fine-grained golden-yellow wood of any of several species of forest tree of the genus Podocarpus (see 2 below).
P. falcatus, the largest of these trees, occurring naturally along the eastern and south-eastern seaboards and mountain ranges, and in the Eastern Transvaal; kalandernoun; Outeniqua2 a.
P. latifolius, a large tree occurring naturally along the eastern and southern seaboards and mountain ranges, and in the Eastern Transvaal; upright yellowwooda.
P. elongatus, the smallest of the southern African yellowwoods, occurring naturally only in the Western Cape; Kaffrarian yew, see Kaffrarian; South African cedar.
P. henkelii, a large tree occurring naturally in the mountain forests and coastal belt of KwaZulu-Natal. Also attributive, as yellowwood forest.
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