Outeniqua, noun

Forms:
Auteniqua, AuteniquoisShow more Formerly also Auteniqua, Auteniquois, Autinegua, Autinicqua, Hottniqua, Houteniqua.
Origin:
Khoikhoi, Nama, Show more Khoikhoi, usually interpreted as ‘the people who carry bags of honey’, probably au carry in bags (cf. Nama awa) + tine honey (cf. Nama danib) + masculine plural suffix qua men, people (G.S. Nienaber, Hottentots, 1963); the area in which the Outeniqua lived was reported from early times to supply honey to the Cape, and is still an important apicultural region.
1. In historical contexts. A Khoikhoi people formerly resident in the Western Cape, in the region of the present-day city of George. Also attributive.
1731 G. Medley tr. of P. Kolben’s Present State of Cape of G.H. I. 79North East of the Gauros, on the Coast, lie the Houteniquas; in whose Territory are several Woods.
1790 W. Paterson Narr. of Four Journeys 34I..proceeded towards the Hottniqua Land.
1798 B. Stout Narr. of Loss of Ship ‘Hercules’ p.xxxiiIn the eastern parts, which include Caffraria, the country of the Auteniquois, Genequois, and various tribes of the Hottentot nation, I perceived a most luxuriant soil.
1810 G. Barrington Acct of Voy. 171No roots or other vegetables are regularly cultivated in any of the inferior parts of Africa, except in the country of the Auteniquas.
1847 J. Barrow Autobiog. Memoir 198It (sc. the Kayman River) separates the division of Plettenberg’s Bay from Autinicquas Land, which the Dutch Government appropriated to itself, on account of the grand forests and fine pasturage.
1989 Reader’s Digest Illust. Hist. of S. Afr. 227Descendants of the early white trekboers and the Outeniqua and Attaqua Khoikhoi.
2. In full Outeniqua yellowwood: a. the yellowwood (sense 2 a), Podocarpus falcatus; b. the timber of this tree; also attributive; also called yellowwood (sense 1).
1843 J.C. Chase Cape of G.H. 161Yellow wood, Autineguas.
1887 J.C. Brown Management of Crown Forests 237Timber Valued Standing per cubic foot. Upright Yellowwood, £0 0s 3d. Outeniqua, £0 0s 1d.
1904 D.E. Hutchings in Agric. Jrnl of Cape of G.H. Feb. 3Podocarpus elongata — Outeniqua Yellow-wood,..is the largest and most generally useful tree in South Africa.
1920 K.M. Jeffreys tr. of Memorandum of Commissary J.A. de Mist 215Local hardwoods, such as the Outeniqua, black iron-wood, and other woods suitable for building houses.
1977 E. Palmer Field Guide to Trees of Sn Afr. 69Common yellowwood Podocarpus falcatus...Outeniqua yellowwood...The tallest forest tree, up to 60m high...A noble tree, formerly much exploited for its generally useful, fine, yellow timber.
1987 A. Visser in Fair Lady 11 Nov. 141Whisky-crate wood was used and now Johnny Walker and White Horse lie side by side with the finest Outeniqua wood.
A Khoikhoi people formerly resident in the Western Cape, in the region of the present-day city of George. Also attributive.
the yellowwood (sense 2 a), Podocarpus falcatus;
the timber of this tree; also attributive; also called yellowwood (sense 1).

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17311989