Bratwah, VatwahShow more Also Bratwah, Vatwah, Vatwahs.
A name once given to the Zulus by peoples living to the north of them.
a.(The) members of a group of Nguni people who, in the early 19th century, lived in what is now the northern part of KwaZulu-Natal, and who migrated, as a result of the Mfecane, to the area around Delagoa Bay (at Maputo), later becoming a part of the Shangaan people (see Shangaan sense 1 a).b.(The) members of the Zulu people. Also attributive.
As is the case with many names of peoples and groups in South African English, this word has been found only in plural uses; however, it may be that it has also been used in unrecorded singular forms.
While those who migrated northwards did not form part of the Zulu people as unified by Shaka, they were from the same branch of the Nguni as the Zulus, and seem to have been identified with the Zulus by the peoples in the Delagoa Bay area. See also Zulunoun sense 1 a.
1823W. Threlfall inG. ThompsonTrav. (1827) 356A powerful tribe, called the Vatwahs, have lately overrun many of the little states in the vicinity of Delagoa Bay...They are originally from the country adjoining to the sources of the Mapoota River, and the mountains west of the English River...For two or three years past, the devastations of the Vatwahs have been like those of a swarm of locusts throughout all the adjoining country.
1827G. ThompsonTrav. 355From the frontier of the Amapondæ (or Hambona Caffers) on the southwest, as far as the river Mapoota and Delagoa Bay on the north.., the whole country is now under the sway of one formidable tribe, governed by a chief named Chaka. This man, originally the sovereign of an obscure but warlike people, called Zoolas, or Vatwahs, has, within the last eight or nine years, conquered or extirpated the whole of the native tribes from Delagoa Bay to Hambona.
1832J.C. Chase inGraham’s Town Jrnl 8 June 96John Cane..was despatched by Chaka, the Sovereign of the Zoolah or Vatwah Nation, to the Colony.
1841B. ShawMemorials 50The warlike tribe called the Zuloos, or Vatwahs, is found to the northward of the Kaffirs.
1902G.M. ThealBeginning of S. Afr. Hist. 431Captain Owen described the conquering clans, whom he termed Vatwahs, as a martial people.
1972E. Axelson inStd Encycl. of Sn Afr.VII. 612A Nguni clan under Soshanga (also known as Manukuza) had fled northwards from Shaka about 1819, and within a decade its chief had become paramount over the region between the Lebombo Mountains and the Zambezi. In 1834 these Vatua people attacked Lourenço Marques.
(The) members of a group of Nguni people who, in the early 19th century, lived in what is now the northern part of KwaZulu-Natal, and who migrated, as a result of the Mfecane, to the area around Delagoa Bay (at Maputo), later becoming a part of the Shangaan people (see Shangaan1 a).
(The) members of the Zulu people. Also attributive.
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