Shangaan, noun

Forms:
Mshangaan, ShangaanShow more singular Mshangaan, Shangaan; singular and plural Machangana, Shangana, Shangane; plural Amachangana, amaShangaan, Amatshangane, Mashangana, MaShangane, Shangaans.
Plurals:
usually Shangaans.
Origin:
Probably named for the founding chief, Soshangane; but see also quotation 1905.
1.
a. A member of a people of Zulu and Tsonga origin, living mainly in the Northern and Eastern Transvaal, Gaza Province in southern Mozambique, and southern Zimbabwe; Knobneus; Knobnose; Knopneus; Magwamba; Tonga sense 1; Tsonga sense 1. Also attributive, and combination Shangaan-Tsonga. See also Vatua sense a.
1884 Cape Law Jrnl I. 223The Amaxosa Kafirs, Fingoes, Tembus, Amampondo,..Shangaans, Matabele, [etc.].
1990 New African 11 June 12Black is beautiful was coined to unite Amazulu, Basotho, Mashangana, Indians, so-called ‘Coloureds’, etc.
b. Especially among miners: a Mozambican member of this people.
1980 M. Lipton in Optima Vol.29 No.2, 112‘Our Malawians’ and ‘our Shangaans’ (Moçambicans), as the old-timers on the mines now nostalgically call them.
2. The language of the Shangaan people, including the South African and the Mozambican dialects. Cf. Tsonga sense 2.
1957 Junod & Jaques Wisdom of Tsonga-Shangana People 11The new standard Shangana-Tsonga orthography.
1985 S. Afr. Panorama Jan. 48The Shangaan for Hippotraginae is Mpala Mpala.
A member of a people of Zulu and Tsonga origin, living mainly in the Northern and Eastern Transvaal, Gaza Province in southern Mozambique, and southern Zimbabwe; Knobneus; Knobnose; Knopneus; Magwamba; Tonga1; Tsonga1. Also attributive, and combinationShangaan-Tsonga.
a Mozambican member of this people.
The language of the Shangaan people, including the South African and the Mozambican dialects.

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18841990