Tsonga, ZuluShow more Either from an early form of a Tsonga word for this people, or from Zulu iThonga (plural amaThonga), umThonga (plural abaThonga) a member of this people (perhaps earlier meaning ‘blacksmith’, ‘metal-worker’, or the source of this meaning, the Tonga being at one stage noted for their metal-working skills). For an explanation of plural forms, see aba- and ama-.
1.Plural amaTonga, amaTongas, baTonga, or Tongas (always with initial or medial capital).Shangaan sense 1 a. Also attributive.
1852Natal Mercury 25 Nov.The property of the Amatongas, together with the ivory of the traders, were seized by Panda.
1875D. LeslieAmong Zulus 242There are different tribes of Amatonga (Itonga the person, Amatonga the people — a general name for all the tribes thereabouts) in this country under different chiefs.
1877F. JeppeTvl Bk Almanac & Dir. (1976) 29A line along the Lobombo to the Pongola, and from this river to Zungin’s Nek, and thence to Rorke’s Drift on the Buffalo River, divides the Transvaal from the Amatonga and Zulu Tribes.
1884Cape Law JrnlI. 223These are the Amaxosa Kafirs, Fingoes, Tembus, Amampondo, Xesibes, Zulus, Bayeiye, Baloquazi, Shangaans, Matabele, Amatonga or Batoka, Amasuazi, Interior Basuto tribes and those in the Transvaal Territory and Colonial Basutos.
1902G.M. ThealBeginning of S. Afr. Hist. 211South of the Sabi river lived a tribe named the Batonga, whose outposts extended beyond Cape Correntes.
1937J. Stevenson-HamiltonS. Afr. Eden 119Strong mutual mistrust between people belonging to different clans of the Bathonga, to say nothing of the feeling between all members of that tribe and the Swazis.
1949O. WalkerProud Zulu (1951) 47The land of the mild amaTonga people who paid tribute to the Zulus and whom the Zulus spoke of contemptuously as ‘dogs’.
1964G. CampbellOld Dusty 34Be glad that you are an umLunga and not a one-time Zulu who has now become a snuff-pounder for the amaTonga.
1982E. Prov. Herald 24 JuneThe vast majority of people in the area were Tembe-Thongas or Zulus, except in the west where there were equal proportions of Zulus, Thongas and Swazi.
1985Platzky & WalkerSurplus People 92When the Land Act of 1913 confirmed that the land was Crown land for eventual occupation by whites, there was again no complaint from the Tongas as they were not told of the loss of their land.
1991Merrett & ButcherRobert Struthers’s Hunting Jrnl 9Amatonga was the name used by the Zulu, and borrowed by the British, to refer to all the African groups between St. Lucia and Delagoa Bay.
1941Bantu World 29 Mar. 5The Thonga language is a Bantu language spoken by the people living in Zoutpansberg, Lydenberg, Waterberg, Pietersberg and Pretoria districts...Today..we are instructed to write Thonga in a very different way.
1950H. GibbsTwilight in S. Afr. 33The south-eastern groups have five group languages, Nguni, Sotho, Venda, Tonga, and Inhambane, among which fusion has occurred, producing..in the Tonga group, Ronga, Tonga and Tswa.
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