Trust, noun

Origin:
EnglishShow more Special sense of general English.
historical
Elliptical for South African Development Trust (or, formerly, South African Native Trust, South African Bantu Trust), an authority established by Act 18 of 1936 to purchase land with which to create (exclusively) black settlement areas. Often attributive, as Trust area, Trust land, Trust tenure, etc. See also Hertzog Bills, reserve.
1936 Act 18 in Stat. of Union 92A corporate body, to be called the South African Native Trust, hereinafter referred to as the Trust, is hereby constituted...There shall be vested in the Trust..all Crown land which has been reserved or set aside for the occupation of natives;..all Crown land within the scheduled native areas, and all Crown land within the released areas.
1949 Elton Mills & Wilson in Davenport & Hunt Right to Land (1974) 52The average arable holding over which a domestic family averaging 7,2 members has effective rights of cultivation is..3½ acres on Trust land...The policy of the Administration is to give as many families as possible a little land, and the holdings are smallest where Administrative control is greatest, on Trust and communal land.
c1970 C. Desmond Discarded People 129In about 1960 the farm was bought by the Bantu Trust...The rest of it was replanned on the usual Trust Farm lines, which meant that the people who were scattered over the farm had to demolish their houses, move to the allocated residential sites and build new houses.
1974 Davenport & Hunt Right to Land 51The extension of Trust tenure throughout the Union, 1936.
1985 Platzky & Walker Surplus People p.xiTrust land, Land purchased by the State in terms of the 1936 land legislation and administered by the SANT/SADT.
1985 Platzky & Walker Surplus People 89The Development Trust and Land Act of that same year (sc. 1936) completed the package deal...It established the South African Native Trust (later the Bantu Trust, still later the Development Trust). This Trust was empowered to see that all the released land was acquired and to adminster that land. It became the registered owner of almost all the reserves.
1985 Platzky & Walker Surplus People 116In the early 1960s the first and most notorious of apartheid’s relocation camps began to appear on remote stretches of Trust land.
1988 E. Prov. Herald 10 Mar. 7The government yesterday scrapped a large number of restrictions affecting black businessmen in trust areas and paved the way for full property rights for people in these areas.
Elliptical for South African Development Trust (or, formerly, South African Native Trust, South African Bantu Trust), an authority established by Act 18 of 1936 to purchase land with which to create (exclusively) black settlement areas. Often attributive, as Trust area, Trust land, Trust tenure, etc.
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19361988