1933W. MacdonaldRomance of Golden Rand 8Several of the natives deserted so that Fred Struben had to take the place of the touleier and lead a team of sixteen bullocks all the way to Pretoria for over four hundred miles.
1938Star 1 Dec. 15Elderly women in voluminous skirts and poke bonnets eagerly seized the thongs to act as ‘touleiers’ suiting their steps to the pace of the ox.
1944J. MockfordHere Are S. Africans 65A touleier, perhaps the driver’s son, perhaps a Hottentot or Kafir piccanin, sometimes led the team by a rawhide riempie whose ends were fastened round the horns of the two front oxen.
1955L.G. GreenKaroo 35By the time he was twenty-one he had a wife and three children, two coloured shepherds and a Bushman touleier to lead the oxen and find the way from one water-hole or vlei to the next.
1968M. DoyleImpala 6The Shangaan had worked as a touleier, or leader of an ox-wagon team, at Pilgrim’s Rest when the diggings still flourished.
1971H. ZeederbergVeld Express 173When they reached the Poort, Washington climbed down to act as a ‘touleier’ through the channel.
1977L. AbrahamsCelibacy of Felix Greenspan 18There was a ragged little black touleier, and a dusty looking white boy up front holding a whip.
1980A.J. BlignautDead End Rd 75Nic Keet went to the nearest huts early the next morning and hired another touleier.
1990Weekend Post 5 May 10Mr C— believed it was time the coloured people advanced beyond the touleier stage. A touleier mos just led the oxen with a rope in his hands. If the coloured people stuck with F W de Klerk and his power-sharing, they would remain touleiers.
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