strandloper, noun

Forms:
Formerly also strandlooper.
Origin:
DutchShow more Transferred use of Dutch strandlooper, from strand beach + looper walker, runner (used of various birds throughout the world).
1. obsolete. Any of several coastal plovers of the Charadriidae; strandlopertjie.
[1731 G. Medley tr. of P. Kolben’s Present State of Cape of G.H. II. 157The Dutch call this Bird Strand Loper, i.e. Shore-Courser. She is frequently seen about the Cape.]
1884 Layard & Sharpe Birds of S. Afr. 662This pretty little Plover, the Strand-looper of the colonists, is common throughout the colony.
1923 Haagner & Ivy Sketches of S. Afr. Bird-Life 257The little Three-banded Plover (Charadrius tricollaris) is called the Strand-looper (Shore-runner) in most parts of the country, and is found almost everywhere within our limits.
2.
a. In historical contexts. With initial capital. Usually in the plural, often used collectively: originally, (the) members of those Stone Age communities of Khoisan fisher-gatherers living in former times on the shores of Table Bay, and subsisting on plants, shellfish, etc.; subsequently, (the) members of any of several similar (nomadic) communities on the Western Cape and Namibian coasts; Goringhaikona; Waterman. Also attributive. See also Kaapmans.
Note:
‘Strandloper’ denotes those sharing a common mode of life rather than a common ethnic identity.
Note:
Used in general English by archaeologists to denote any prehistoric people who were nomadic about coastal areas or inland shores.
1838 D. Moodie (tr. of J. van Riebeeck’s Jrnl) in Record I. 16In the evening some of the Saldania Ottentoos came to the Fort...These two Saldaniers were much bolder and livelier men than the Strandlopers who daily live with us, but still having the same language and clothing.
1846 J. Sutherland Memoir II. 29For a little tobacco the Strandlopers will always fetch firewood for the cooks.
1849 E.D.H.E. Napier Excursions in Sn Afr. I. 19On his arrival, Van Riebeck found the shores of Table Bay frequented by a small tribe of these all but naked savages...By the Dutch these wretched beings were first called ‘Strandloopers,’ or frequenters of the shore.
1905 W.H. Tooke in Flint & Gilchrist Science in S. Afr. 97The spear heads and pottery found in the sand dunes around Table and Algoa Bays are probably the manufacture of the Hottentot ‘strandloopers’.
1930 I. Schapera KhoiSan Peoples 29The term ‘Strandlooper’ (coast ranger), applied by several writers on the prehistory of South Africa to the people associated with the kitchen middens found along the south and west coasts of the Cape, should be abandoned, as the latent implication that these people form a distinct racial group is not justified. For the most part they were merely Bushmen who took to the seashore, so that we have to deal with a particular mode of life rather than with a particular people.
c1936 S. & E. Afr. Yr Bk & Guide 448The recumbent skeletons of two indigenous adults, probably Strand-Loopers.
1937 C. Birkby Zulu Journey 150There are kitchen middens of early strandlopers on the beach, well worth digging over if you are interested in primitive man.
1943 J. Burger Black Man’s Burden 12The first aborigines with whom the Dutch officials came into contact were the Hottentots...At the coast were the Strandlopers (Beachcombers).
1958 S. Cloete Mask 40Sometimes he wished he could always live like..a strandlooper or trek-Boer — a masterless, homeless wanderer.
1961 L.E. Van Onselen Trekboer 106Along the coasts roamed the Strandlopers, existing on shellfish and the washed up remains of whales. They lived in caves and middens and were closer relations to the Hottentot than the Bushmen.
1963 A. Fugard Notebks (1983) 107Went into a couple of Strandloper caves...They stank of darkness and fear.
1974 Motorist Nov. 12At the river mouth there is an interesting archaeological excavation of a Strandloper scrap-heap where fine examples of and information about this find may be seen.
1975 E. Prov. Herald 4 Aug. 4A skeleton believed to be that of a Strandloper Hottentot, who was buried in the traditional seated position with legs drawn up and hands placed across the knees, has been unearthed near Sedgefield.
1976 A.R. Willcox Sn Land 112Living on or near the coast there were hunter-gatherers (strandlopers to South Africans).
1977 R. Elphick Kraal & Castle 24‘Strandloper’ (i.e. Beachranger)..referred to the fisher-scavenger folk of Table Bay and later, by extension, to many other coastal peoples.
1977 R. Elphick Kraal & Castle 29Early Dutch officials stated that the Strandlopers (or Goringhaicona), a scavenging people on the Cape Peninsula, spoke the same language as the neighbouring Goringhaiqua, a cattle-keeping Khoikoi group.
1981 Flying Springbok Sept. 46From impoverished Hottentots, Bushmen, Damaras and occasional shipwreck survivors emerged the proletariat of the Skeleton Coast — the Strandloper.
1982 E. Prov. Herald 14 Dec. 7Here there is much evidence of Strandloper habitation.
1989 Reader’s Digest Illust. Hist. of S. Afr. 43The Strandlopers — as they came to be called — were the outcasts of Khoikhoi society. They..were bound together not by kinship, but rather by common misfortune.
1993 Weekend Post 15 May (Leisure) 5Middens — large rubbish heaps where the Late Stone Age folk (Strandlopers) discarded their shells..can be seen.
b. transferred sense One who walks along the shore; a beachcomber.
1939 S. Cloete Watch for Dawn 46Where will you go then...There is one place left. There is the sea. Our children becoming a nation of strand-loopers, eaters of shellfish.
1939 Outspan 6 Oct. 37Hiking and Beach-Combing with Modern South African Strandlopers.
1952 Chambers’s Jrnl (U.K.) Feb. 87The man turned out to be a strandlooper — a coloured beachcomber, one who shared the food of the gulls.
1978 F. Chisholm in Cape Times 31 July 4Beach combing, were it possible off the barren coast between South West Africa and Angola, might be marvellously lucrative for some lucky strandloper.
1987 D. Briscoe in Motorist 2nd Quarter 4Those tides which are so important to fishermen are equally vital for other ‘strandlopers’ — those who have a touch of conchology..running through their veins.
Any of several coastal plovers of the Charadriidae; strandlopertjie.
originally, (the) members of those Stone Age communities of Khoisan fisher-gatherers living in former times on the shores of Table Bay, and subsisting on plants, shellfish, etc.; subsequently, (the) members of any of several similar (nomadic) communities on the Western Cape and Namibian coasts; Goringhaikona; Waterman. Also attributive.
One who walks along the shore; a beachcomber.
Derivatives:
Hence strandloop intransitive verb, see quotation 1928.
1928 E.H.L. Schwarz Kalahari & its Native Races 148The question of the Strandlooper and their [sic] relationship to the Bushmen does not come within the scope of the present description; my own impression is that all natives ‘strand loop’, i.e., go to the seaside, Bushmen, Hottentots and Bantu.

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17311993

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