steenbok, noun

Forms:
steenbock, steinbokShow more Also steenbock, steinbok, stenbock.
Plurals:
unchanged, steenboks, or (formerly) steenbokken.
Origin:
South African Dutch, DutchShow more South African Dutch, transferred use of Dutch steenbok, steen stone + bok buck, a name for Capra ibex. The form steinbok is perhaps based on the misconception that the word is of German origin.
The small antelope Raphicerus campestris of the Bovidae, reddish-brown in colour (sometimes with a silvery sheen), and with large ears and straight horns; steenbokkie; steenbuck; stembuck; stonebuck. Also attributive. See also bleekbok.
1775 F. Masson in Phil. Trans. of Royal Soc. LXVI. 277We found many curious plants, and shot several animals, as steenbocken, hares, partridges.
1786 G. Forster tr. of A. Sparrman’s Voy. to Cape of G.H. II. 223The animals called by the colonists steen-bok, grys-bok, duyker-bok, and klipspringer, are about two feet high, being probably of the gazel kind, and are not uncommon near the Cape...My piece was..loaded with what they call steen-bok shot, or shot about the size of a common pea.
1795 C.R. Hopson tr. of C.P. Thunberg’s Trav. II. 11This species..called steenboks, were reported to hide their heads, in the idea that nobody can see them.
1810 G. Barrington Acct of Voy. 157The Steenbok, formerly the most numerous of the antelope tribe, is now nearly extirpated from the neighbourhood of the Cape, though still numerous beyond the isthmus.
1822 W.J. Burchell Trav. I. 281Philip..brought home a Steenbok, the meat of which was very good-tasted.
1838 J.E. Alexander Exped. into Int. I. 13The steenbok (or stone buck), of which the boors were now usually in pursuit, is a small but very graceful antelope, three feet and a half in length..about one foot eight inches high.
1882 C. Du Val With Show through Sn Afr. I. 159A sack made of steinbok-skins, gaily emblazoned with strips of thong, beads, etc.
1900 W.L. Sclater Mammals of S. Afr. I. 174The Steenbok...Form slim and slender; general colour a rufous brown, often with a light silvery sheen.
1918 C. Garstin Sunshine Settlers 176A steenbok arose, and headed straight into the sun-blaze, flying over the dewy grass and through the scrub like a red flame.
1951 A. Roberts Mammals 339Steenbok..lies in hiding amongst even short grass, so flat on the ground that it may not be noticed until it suddenly darts off at surprising speed.
1963 S. Cloete Rags of Glory 207Little, big-eared steenboks..nibbled away the night.
1974 E. Prov. Herald 13 Sept. 4A house-trained steenbok kid which liked to be cuddled before being tucked up in bed for the night.
1980 J. Hanks Mammals 23Steenbok. Raphicerys campestris...Usually seen in light woodland where it browses and grazes. Shoulder height about 50 cm.
1992 J. Feely in Afr. Wildlife Vol.46 No.4, 157Some if not most of the fossil specimens of Raphicerus found at archaeological sites in the ’Berg are more likely to be grysbok than steenbok (R. campestris).
The small antelope Raphicerus campestris of the Bovidae, reddish-brown in colour (sometimes with a silvery sheen), and with large ears and straight horns; steenbokkie; steenbuck; stembuck; stonebuck. Also attributive.

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17751992