1882J. NixonAmong Boers 233Rudolph..was a School Kaffir, that is, he had been educated by some German missionaries.
1912Ayliff & WhitesideHist. of Abambo 78The school Kaffir professes to look down upon the ‘red’ who in his turn regards his professing Christian neighbour with dislike and suspicion.
1925D. KiddEssential Kafir 404The school-kafir is frequently a very objectionable person. He is apt to suffer from self-conceit.
1955J.B. ShephardLand of Tikoloshe 14Among school Africans the customary semi-circular arrangement of hut groups is giving way to straight rows.
1961P. MayerTownsmen or Tribesmen 21‘The difference between a Red man and myself’, said a young School countryman, ‘is that I wear clothes like White people’s, as expensive as I can afford, while he is satisfied with old clothes...He is illiterate whereas I can read and write...A Red man attends sacrifices but I attend church.’
1970M. TyackS. Afr.: Land of Challenge 144The Xhosa..distinguish between tribally rooted persons, called the ‘Red People,’ and detribalized persons, called the ‘School People’.
1980D.B. CoplanUrbanization of African Performing Arts. 80The policy of encapsulation, which made mission stations islands of acculturation in a traditional sea, led to the structured opposition of ‘red’ (traditional) and ‘school’ (Western educated) categories of Xhosa speakers in the towns of the Eastern Cape.
1989Reader’s Digest Illust. Hist. of S. Afr. 153Simple economics..played a crucial role in persuading many Xhosa that being ‘red’ (those choosing the traditional way of life) as opposed to ‘school’ (those opting for a European lifestyle) was, perhaps, a better option in the long run.
1993CSD Bulletin (Centre for Science Dev.) July 19Western education and Christianity have divided rural African villagers in the Transkei into ‘school’ people and conservative or ‘red’ people...The social division into ‘school’ and ‘red’ is not an absolute distinction, but is best seen in terms of a continuum.
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