DSAE test file

Reform, noun

historical
a. Reform Committee, also with small initials: A group (formed in 1895) of leading members of the so-called ‘uitlander’ community of the Transvaal Republic, initially with the aim of obtaining for the ‘uitlanders’ a greater say in the affairs of the Republic, but later aiming at the overthrow of President Kruger’s government. Also combinationReform Committeeman, Reformer. See also uitlander noun sense b.
1895 Star 31 Dec. 1Reform Committee. Notice is hereby given that this Committee adheres to the National Union Manifesto, and reiterates its desire to maintain the independence of the Republic.
1986 L. Capstickdale in S. Afr. Panorama Nov. 10The so-called Reform Committee which had as its aim the overthrow of the Republican government in Pretoria..imported guns into Johannesburg concealed in oil drums.
b. Used attributively, designating persons, organizations, and actions associated with this group, as Reform movement, the initiatives taken in 1895 and 1896 by those ‘uitlanders’ supporting the Reform Committee to force political change in the Transvaal Republic, culminating in the Jameson raid (see Jameson).
1896 P.A. Molteno Sel. from Correspondence (1981) 31The political atmosphere has been very much cleared by the action of the Transvaal Government in releasing the Reform Prisoners.
1933 W.H.S. Bell Bygone Days 187He was concerned in the Reform Movement in the Transvaal in 1895, and adds ‘with which he had no sympathy’.
A group (formed in 1895) of leading members of the so-called ‘uitlander’ community of the Transvaal Republic, initially with the aim of obtaining for the ‘uitlanders’ a greater say in the affairs of the Republic, but later aiming at the overthrow of President Kruger’s government. Also combinationReform Committeeman, Reformer.
Used attributively, designating persons, organizations, and actions associated with this group, as Reform movement, the initiatives taken in 1895 and 1896 by those ‘uitlanders’ supporting the Reform Committee to force political change in the Transvaal Republic, culminating in the Jameson raidJameson.

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18951986