Reform, noun

historical
a. Reform Committee, also with small initials: A group (formed in 1895) of leading members of the so-called ‘uitlander’ community of the Transvaal Republic, initially with the aim of obtaining for the ‘uitlanders’ a greater say in the affairs of the Republic, but later aiming at the overthrow of President Kruger’s government. Also combinationReform Committeeman, Reformer. See also uitlander noun sense b.
1895 Star 31 Dec. 1Reform Committee. Notice is hereby given that this Committee adheres to the National Union Manifesto, and reiterates its desire to maintain the independence of the Republic.
1900 H.C. Hillegas Oom Paul’s People 79When the news of the invasion reached Johannesburg the excitement became intensified. A reform committee of about one hundred persons was quickly formed, and into their hands was given the conduct of the revolution.
1900 One Who Was In It Kruger’s Secret Service 11Let me make a remark of general significance with regard to the reform movement in Johannesburg. It was this stopping of business, this entire cessation of all decent means of earning a livelihood, that caused seventy per cent of the working class and professional population of Johannesburg to enrol themselves under the aegis of the Reform Committee.
1923 B. Ronan Forty S. Afr. Yrs 190The rounding-up of the members of the Reform committee began on January 6, and as each well-known name was recorded a thrill of fearsome excitement passed through Johannesburg.
1926 M. Nathan S. Afr. from Within 77The leaders did not take the general public into their confidence...Instead, they formed a Reform Committee which sixty-four prominent citizens (many of whom were totally ignorant of the venture upon which they were embarking) were invited to join.
1933 W.H.S. Bell Bygone Days 209That afternoon a further large batch of Reform Committeemen arrived, they had a stormy passage, especially at the hands of the burghers; their approach could be heard when they were some distance away and the great roar increased until it reached the prison gate.
1937 G.F. Gibson Story of Imp. Light Horse 15In spite of the Jameson Raid, and the trial and sentence of the Reform Committee, the Uitlanders renewed their agitation — nothing could deter them from their purpose.
1979 J. Gratus Jo’burgers 204What we want is a committee to organise it...A Reform Committee. We want total reform of all the laws which prevent us from having a say in our own country.
1986 L. Capstickdale in S. Afr. Panorama Nov. 10The so-called Reform Committee which had as its aim the overthrow of the Republican government in Pretoria..imported guns into Johannesburg concealed in oil drums.
b. Used attributively, designating persons, organizations, and actions associated with this group, as Reform movement, the initiatives taken in 1895 and 1896 by those ‘uitlanders’ supporting the Reform Committee to force political change in the Transvaal Republic, culminating in the Jameson raid (see Jameson).
1896 P.A. Molteno Sel. from Correspondence (1981) 31The political atmosphere has been very much cleared by the action of the Transvaal Government in releasing the Reform Prisoners.
1897 F.R. Statham S. Afr. as It Is 299The reform organisation was strictly confined within the walls of the Rand Club, the resort of speculators, financiers, brokers, and a certain percentage of professional men.
1899 J.P. Fitzpatrick Tvl from Within 291All these things were among the causes which led to the Reform movement of 1895–6, and are not a consequence of that movement as they erroneously suppose.
1899 D.S.F.A. Phillips S. Afr. Recollections 63Remember that those who started the Reform Movement in Johannesburg were, most of them, serious men with families — men who..did not shut their eyes to the gravity of the undertaking.
1899 D.S.F.A. Phillips S. Afr. Recollections 87The Reform Movement in Johannesburg failed because, as some one put it to me at the time, ‘they all wanted to be a little too clever’.
1933 W.H.S. Bell Bygone Days 187He was concerned in the Reform Movement in the Transvaal in 1895, and adds ‘with which he had no sympathy’.
A group (formed in 1895) of leading members of the so-called ‘uitlander’ community of the Transvaal Republic, initially with the aim of obtaining for the ‘uitlanders’ a greater say in the affairs of the Republic, but later aiming at the overthrow of President Kruger’s government. Also combinationReform Committeeman, Reformer.
Used attributively, designating persons, organizations, and actions associated with this group, as Reform movement, the initiatives taken in 1895 and 1896 by those ‘uitlanders’ supporting the Reform Committee to force political change in the Transvaal Republic, culminating in the Jameson raidJameson.

Visualise Quotations

Quotation summary

Senses

18951986