Jameson, noun

Origin:
The name of Leander Starr Jameson, the leader of the expedition.
historical
Almost invariably in the Special Combination Jameson raid, the abortive expedition (of about 600 men) which invaded the Transvaal Republic in 1895 with the aim of taking over the government, ostensibly at the request of the uitlander population of the Transvaal; Raid. Also attributive.
Note:
The Raid took place between 29 December 1895 and 2 January 1896.
1897 E. Prov. Herald 22 Feb.The Transvaal claim from either the British Government or the Chartered Company for the Jameson Raid was £677,938 for material damages, and £1,000,000 for moral damages.
1899 De Volkstem 9 Oct. 1One of the Jameson Scoundrels Sir John Willoughby has sailed in the ‘Mexican’ for the Cape.
1902 B. Viljoen Reminisc. of Anglo-Boer War 17The Jameson Raid was primarily responsible for the hostilities which eventually took place between Great Britain and the Boer Republics.
1903 E.F. Knight S. Afr. after War 293I crossed the border into the Marico district and followed the Jameson Raid road as far as the place known as the Lead Mines.
1911 Blackburn & Caddell Secret Service 32Just after that landmark in the history of the Rand, the Jameson Raid, the authorities at Pretoria moved in response to the complaints of the Chamber of Mines.
a1930 G. Baumann in Baumann & Bright Lost Republic (1940) 157To this day we are still suffering from the effects of the Jameson Raid and the Anglo-Boer War.
1943 J. Burger Black Man’s Burden 25Rhodes and Jameson, probably with the full knowledge of Joseph Chamberlain, attempted to annex the Republic in 1896 by a sudden stroke. Ill-conceived and badly executed, the Jameson Raid was a complete failure, except in so far as it made war between Britain and the Republics almost certain.
1950 H. Gibbs Twilight in S. Afr. 168Cecil Rhodes, Premier of the Cape, resigns office following accusations of being involved in the Jameson Raid.
1973 The 1820 Vol.46 No.11, 6Everyone knows about the Jameson Raid — but who was Jameson who gave his name to this infamous expedition?
1986 P. Maylam Hist. of Afr. People 196The [British South Africa] Company was disgraced by its involvement in the Jameson Raid, and it was that single event more than anything else that kept Bechuanaland directly in the imperial fold.
1989 Reader’s Digest Illust. Hist. of S. Afr. 241At the time of the Jameson Raid it was feared that there were not enought rifles to arm the commandos called up to resist the invasion.
Almost invariably in the Special Combination Jameson raid, the abortive expedition (of about 600 men) which invaded the Transvaal Republic in 1895 with the aim of taking over the government, ostensibly at the request of the uitlander population of the Transvaal; Raid. Also attributive.
Derivatives:
Hence Jameson raider noun, a member of this expedition.
1903 E.F. Knight S. Afr. after War 291The road on which the Jameson raiders had ridden to their fate.
a1930 G. Baumann in Baumann & Bright Lost Republic (1940) 156We have had risings, rebellions, and revolutions — and in every instance the leniency of the Transvaal Government to the Jameson Raiders was expected in the case of these warlike actions.
1989 Reader’s Digest Illust. Hist. of S. Afr. 236The Jameson raiders left Pitsani and Mafeking for the ride to Johannesburg — but surrendered at Vlakfontein farmhouse.
1993 S. Gray in Weekly Mail & Guardian 5 Nov. 48Migrations have ended here..: the Hurutshe who built cities;..the Jameson raiders from British soil across the border.

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