uitlander, noun and adjective

Origin:
AfrikaansShow more Afrikaans, literally ‘outlander’.
A. noun a. A foreigner or alien. b. historical. Often with initial capital. In the old Transvaal Republic during the years leading up to the South African War: one who was not Afrikaans and who therefore was not accepted as a ‘burgher’ or citizen. Also figurative. In both senses also called outlander. Cf. burgher sense 4.
1871 J. Mackenzie Ten Yrs N. of Orange River 459If Englishmen were once in numbers to the north of the restless Dutchmen, the latter would give up their search for the Land of Canaan, and be content with their present residences. In their northward movement they always complain of the increasing ‘uitlanders,’ or foreigners coming from the South.
1888 Cape Punch 1 Aug. 47Me a simple Caper At whom uitlanders sneer.
1893 M. in Cape Illust. Mag. Apr. 287Taxation has been made to fall lightly on the Boer and heavily on the ‘uitlander’.
1896 Argus 2 Jan. 4We confidently believe that the sentiment and sympathy of this Colony is on the side of the uitlander — who has only taken up arms as a last resort.
1899 S. Erasmus Prinsloo p.vI take the opportunity to show how the presence of the Hollander and Uitlander in the Transvaal has ruined the character of the Afrikander.
1900 H. Butterworth Trav. Tales 57Who are the Uitlanders? They are the outsiders, for the most part; people who expect to get rich in the country and to leave it.
1924 L. Cohen Reminisc. of Jhb. 74Kruger was an impracticable person, fully determined to grant no privileges to the Uitlanders, who, he was certain, had it in their minds to filch his country...Kruger never attempted to hide his opinion of the newcomers, no matter their nationality.
1924 D. Fairbridge Gardens of S. Afr. 99The Starling..is still an uitlander in South Africa.
1934 N. Devitt Mem. of Magistrate 18The fact that the British section, the Uitlanders, had no voice in the governing of the country, whilst paying most of the taxes was a political grievance, and a predisposing cause of the second Anglo-Boer War.
1936 R.J.M. Goold-Adams S. Afr. To-Day & To-Morrow 25The rest of us, the rest of the people in South Africa to-day, both black and white, are interlopers — ‘uitlanders’, Paul Kruger might have called them.
1949 H. Gibbs Twilight in S. Afr. 168Boer attitude towards the British, the Uitlanders, hardens.
1952 B. Davidson Report on Sn Afr. 180The authentic sense of frustration and pent-up anger which the Boers felt, and their descendants still feel, against the Uitlanders, the foreigners, who somehow managed to take their ‘liberties’ away from them.
1962 L.E. Neame Hist. of Apartheid 84The Asian is regarded as an alien, a foreigner, an ‘uitlander’, a temporary sojourner in a foreign land who cannot claim rights of citizenship in that country.
1972 Daily Dispatch 19 June 12The urbanised African..is being treated far worse than Paul Kruger ever treated the Uitlanders.
1978 Sunday Times 28 May 15Mines, industry and commerce were pioneered and run by so-called ‘uitlanders’ and the civil service by Hollanders.
1978 Sunday Times 12 Nov. 3Being a mere uitlander, I confess that I didn’t understand half the recipes.
1980 S. Afr. Panorama Aug. 13Pilgrim’s Rest was the country’s first big gold mining town, and it was in this region that the Transvaal Boers and Uitlanders (foreigners) first met in large numbers.
1986 L. Capstickdale in S. Afr. Panorama Nov. 10Champions of the rights of the Uitlanders (as the foreign element in Johannesburg was called), the Reform Committee imported guns into Johannesburg concealed in oil drums.
1992 P. O’Byrne in Sunday Times 16 Aug. 16For many years I was a victim — an unabsorbed uitlander in a place where loyalties lay among the National Party.
1992 C. Stuart in Afr. Wildlife Vol.46 No.6, 279This [hybridisation] has serious implications for pure Cape buffalo stocks...The most important factor to consider..is the long-term genetic implication for the mingling of these ‘uitlanders’ with the local pure stock.
B. adjective
1. Of or pertaining to those resident in the Transvaal Republic but not accepted as its citizens.
1895 Star 21 Dec. 1There is an uitlander population of more than 100 000 in the Transvaal, a large proportion being adult males who probably outnumber the burghers in the proportion of two to one.
1900 H. Blore Imp. Light Horseman 14A demand on the part of the burghers that..the uitlander women and children should be transferred to the open vehicles.
1910 Rand Daily Mail 31 May 7Through participation in the uitlander agitation he was compelled to leave the Rand before the outbreak of hostilities.
2. Foreign, alien.
1965 K. Mackenzie Deserter 56He had a way of swinging his head to get the hair back off his face which had always seemed to Japie a particularly uitlander sort of habit.
1973 Star 12 July 21More than a hint of the uitlander mentality hovered at the back of the minds of most immigrants.
1975 Weekend Post 28 June 9There are many greedy uitlander dealers there who think they’re going to make a killing in South African wine.
A foreigner or alien.
one who was not Afrikaans and who therefore was not accepted as a ‘burgher’ or citizen. Also figurative. In both senses also called outlander.
Of or pertaining to those resident in the Transvaal Republic but not accepted as its citizens.
Foreign, alien.
Derivatives:
Hence (by back-formation) Uitland noun nonce, foreign countries, ‘abroad’.
1890 C. & A.P. Wilson-Moore Diggers’ Doggerel 40Men from Uitland, Dutchman, Sheeney.

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18711992

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