DSAE test file

quitrent, noun

Origin:
EnglishShow more Special senses of general English.
See also loan.
Note:
The meanings attached to this word varied considerably; it was often used loosely rather than in the strictly legal sense.
1. Obsolete except in historical contexts An annual rental (and subsequently a tax) calculated upon the estimated value of land occupied, and paid by a tenant farmer to secure a renewable tenancy.
1796 Royal Proclamation in G.W. Eybers Sel. Constit. Doc. (1918) 7Our Will and Pleasure is That the Revenue derived from the Annual Quit Rent paid by the Persons holding Lands granted to them by the Dutch Government shall continue to be collected.
1974 E. Landsberg in Std Encycl. of Sn Afr. X. 436In the Transvaal and Orange Free State the quitrent became a land tax with an annual rate of 2s. per 100 morgen in the Orange Free State and a basic rate of 1s. 6d. per 100 morgen in the Transvaal.
2. In historical contexts
a. A system of land tenure based on such an agreement; erfpacht. Also attributive, and figurative. See also loan.
1811 J.A. Truter in G.M. Theal Rec. of Cape Col. (1901) VIII. 106Quitrent expires with the end of fifteen years, after which Government has a right again to take possession of the ground on payment of the mere Opstal, trees and buildings, without anything else.
1985 A. Tredgold Bay between Mountains 181When the quit-rent system that had elapsed was re-introduced after the second British occupation, several farmers took advantage of it.
b. With defining word designating a particular type of land tenure: perpetual quitrent, a system of land-ownership created by the conversion of an ordinary quitrent tenancy into one maintained in perpetuity. Also attributive, and transferred sense.
1813 Proclamation in Stat. Law of Cape of G.H. (1862) 49This perpetual quitrent shall, further, not be liable to any other burthens...All applications for the conversion of loan lands into perpetual quitrent...must be made within twelve months.
1949 E. Hellmann Handbk on Race Rel. 178The system of tenure..has been described as one of ‘perpetual quitrent’. The land may not be mortgaged; it passes at the death of the owner to the next of kin as defined in Native law; and it may not be alienated except to another Native and with the government’s consent.
3. transferred sense. Rare, perhaps nonce. A system whereby, if the owner of a mortgaged property cannot keep up his or her loan repayments, ownership of the mortgaged property is transferred to the mortgagee, who then charges the former owner rent for the use of the property. Used attributively.
1993 Weekend Argus 16 May 1Banks offer new ‘quitrent’ scheme to owners in trouble. Under the ‘quitrent’ scheme, the ‘rents’ being paid for a home which was effectively repossessed would be less than the bond repayments.
An annual rental (and subsequently a tax) calculated upon the estimated value of land occupied, and paid by a tenant farmer to secure a renewable tenancy.
A system of land tenure based on such an agreement; erfpacht. Also attributive, and figurative.
perpetual quitrent, a system of land-ownership created by the conversion of an ordinary quitrent tenancy into one maintained in perpetuity. Also attributive, and transferred sense.
A system whereby, if the owner of a mortgaged property cannot keep up his or her loan repayments, ownership of the mortgaged property is transferred to the mortgagee, who then charges the former owner rent for the use of the property. Used attributively.

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17961993