open, adjective

Origin:
EnglishShow more Special sense of general English open not limited to a few; that may be used, shared or competed for without restriction.
historical
Of an (educational) institution, public facility, or residential area, during the apartheid era: available to people of all ethnic groups, not only to whites. Occasionally, of a group: non-racial. See also free, grey. Cf. closed.
1954 Report of Commission of Enquiry in Regard to Provision of Separate Training Facilities for Non-Europeans at Univ. 4At two universities, namely, those of Cape Town and the Witwatersrand, non-European students are admitted, and..in so far as attendance of lectures is concerned, the principle of non-segregation is applied...For convenience sake..they may be called ‘open’ universities.
1957 Open Universities in S. Afr. (Council of Univ. of Cape Town & Witwatersrand) 2While conforming to the South African practice of separation in social matters..these two universites admit students on the basis of academic qualifications only, and in all academic matters treat non-white students on a footing of equality and without separation from white students. They are therefore described as ‘open’ universities.
1957 N. Mandela in City Press 11 Feb., 1990 5The Bill is a move to destroy the ‘open’ university tradition which..has..been consistently practised by leading universities in the country for years.
1960 E.G. Malherbe in H. Spottiswoode S. Afr.: Rd Ahead 142It was from the non-White University College of Fort Hare and from the so-called ‘open’ universities..that nearly 3,000 non-White university-trained men and women came to fill important posts in non-White communities.
1972 Daily Dispatch 16 Feb. 1After the planning stage the specific areas would be declared ‘open areas’ in terms of a Parliamentary decision to make purchases easier.
1972 Evening Post 11 Mar. 7Before the Universities Apartheid Act of 1949, Indians were admitted to the ‘open’ universities on the same basis as Whites.
1981 Evening Post 18 Feb. 1‘Open’ beaches were receiving his constant attention. He was concerned about resorts becoming overcrowded, and resultant anti-social behaviour, regardless of the race of beachgoers.
1987 Evening Post 20 Jan. 3Pleas to scrap or amend the Group Areas Act so that Woodstock could remain ‘open’.
1987 Frontline Feb. 5As to the removal of so-called petty apartheid,..things are still the same. Few facilities are ‘open’, but there are umpteen ‘own’ parks, ‘own’ libraries, own footbridges, etc.
1987 New Nation 10 Sept. 5Despite mass protest and huge international support, the ‘open’ universities were closed to most people of colour and the bush universities were established.
1988 Evening Post 24 Feb. 2Clearly the Government has decided the next step is open areas. Good...The Group Areas Act is an emotional symbol — a cornerstone, in fact — of apartheid.
1989 Weekly Mail 1 Sept. 3There is always the prospect of membership in the ‘open’ group — part of the National Party’s reform package which allows for living in a ‘free settlement’ area.
1989 Sunday Times 8 Oct. 7The Government has fought an extraordinary rearguard action to keep beaches white — appealing against landmark court rulings and proclaiming ‘open’ beaches racially reserved.
1990 R. Stengel January Sun 58At the direction of Wimpy International..the local establishments..became ‘open’ and permitted non-whites to eat there.
1990 Sunday Times 18 Mar. 20‘Open’ cities — cities free of the racial stranglehold of the Group Areas Act.
1991 C. Barrett in Weekend Post 26 Jan. 5It was the second day of ‘open school’ at Erica Girls’ Primary and 41 new black, coloured and Indian pupils showed they were ‘already part of the Erica family’.
1992 E. De Waal in Church Times 13 Mar. 8In order for any school to become an ‘open’ school,..it was necessary for 90 per cent of the parents to vote, with an 80-per-cent majority in favour.
1993 C. Van Onselen in Sunday Times 11 July 22If their policies deliberately exclude the funding of former ‘open universities’ merely on the grounds of their status as HWUs (sc. Historically White Universities) their neglect will contribute to the running down of the country’s existing and proven capacity for tertiary education.
Of an (educational) institution, public facility, or residential area, during the apartheid era: available to people of all ethnic groups, not only to whites. Occasionally, of a group: non-racial.

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