national state, noun phrase

1. In historical contexts. homeland sense 1.
[1971 Nat. Geog. Mag. Sept. 769Its (sc. separate development’s) goal is the eventual creation of national states for South Africa’s tribes through a staged process bringing more autonomy at each step.]
1980 Act 102 in Govt Gaz. Vol.182 No.7147, 5Section 17 of the Second Black Laws Amendment Act, 40 1978, is hereby amended by the substitution..of the following paragraph:..the words ‘Bantu Homelands’ or the words ‘Black states’ the words..‘national states’.
1980 P. Croseur in Rand Daily Mail 8 Dec. 2The Government’s total strategy is that South Africa will be surrounded by nine ‘national states’, economically unviable and dependent on South Africa, but drawn into a constellation of states with her so that they can sell their labour and provide a market for her manufactured goods.
1981 P.W. Botha in S. Afr. Digest 14 Aug.With the gaining of independence the citizens of national states lose their South African citizenship and acquire the citizenship of the new independent state.
1981 P.G.J. Koornhof in Hansard 29 Sept. 5156To say that homelands are such terrible places and that the people there are unhappy, is not true. There are places in the national States where people are suffering hardships,..but we are not responsible for those places.
1982 E. Prov. Herald 19 Oct. 6The idea is to create constituencies in South Africa which will elect representatives to national assemblies in the ‘independent national states’.
1983 S. Afr. 1983: Off. Yrbk (Dept of Foreign Affairs & Info.) 227For the purpose of this publication ‘South Africa’ denotes the RSA, together with the country’s Black national states, i.e. excluding the republics of Transkei, Bophuthatswana, Venda and Ciskei.
1984 Rand Daily Mail 18 Jan. 2The Office of the Prime Minister affirmed that the Chief Ministers of the six ‘national states’ — as distinct from the ‘independent states’ — had been invited to lunch and discussions.
1984 R. Davies et al. Struggle for S. Afr. I. 197Under apartheid, the Bantustans are the only areas of the country in which the majority of South Africans have any political ‘rights’. First known officially as ‘Bantu Homelands’ and now as ‘national states’, the Bantustans are overcrowded, eroded and fragmented rural slums.
1985 S. Afr. Panorama May 23At this stage six Black national states have the status of self-governing nations within South Africa: KwaZulu, KwaNdebele, Kangwane, Qwaqwa, Gazankulu and Lebowa.
1985 Drum Nov. 13These rights will be extended even to those blacks in the so-called national states or non-independent homelands and the four independent Bantustans of Transkei, Bophuthatswana, Venda and Ciskei.
1987 Weekly Mail 31 July 4‘Foreign’ Blacks. A total of 1,2-million ‘foreign’ black workers, the majority of them citizens of the four ‘independent national states’, were employed in South Africa as at June 30 last year...The total number of registered South African black workers, including those from ‘self-governing national states’, was 1,3-million.
1988 J. Sharp in Boonzaier & Sharp S. Afr. Keywords 107The designation of specific national states, then, is largely a matter of political convenience...The embryo national states created by the homelands policy did not contain homogenous populations.
1988 A. Fischer in Boonzaier & Sharp S. Afr. Keywords 131Constitutionally, homelands were ‘developed’ from self-managing (selfbesturende) to self-governing (selfregerende) homelands, and from self-governing homelands to self-governing or independent ‘national states’.
1988 Star 30 May 8Bedevilled by bureaucracy, beset by political, social and economic problems, three of the four ‘national states’ have become distinguished by instability and corruption, violence and oppression, poverty and hopelessness.
1990 Evening Post 2 Feb. 3Future of national states is open to ‘agreements’. The re-incorporation of the independent national states into the Republic was one of many possibilities for the future of these territories.
2. transferred sense. Boerestaat.
1988 W. De Klerk in Sunday Times 10 July 17The tip of the iceberg. That is the image appropriate for Professor Carel Boshoff’s Afrikaner ‘national state’.
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