a1874J.W. AppleyardWar of Axe (1971) 119This Armageddon resulted in the death of displacement through famine of about a third of all the tribes west of the Fish River. This is what we knew as the Cattle Killing or national Suicide of the Ama-Xosa.
1989R. Finlayson Changing Face of isiXhosa. (Unpubl. thesis, Unisa) 3A tragic event which is purported to have had an influence on written Xhosa was the so-called National Suicide which took place in 1857.
1989J.B. PeiresDead Will Arisep.xI nowhere use the well-known term, ‘The National Suicide of the Xhosa’. The Nongqawuse catastrophe was as much a murder as it was a suicide. Probably, it was a little bit of both.
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