DSAE test file

mevrou, noun

Forms:
mevrouw, mi vrouwShow more Also (especially formerly) mevrouw, mi vrouw, mij vrouw, mynfrau, mynvrou, myvrou, myvrouw.
Plurals:
mevroue, (formerly) mynvrouwen.
Origin:
Afrikaans, DutchShow more Afrikaans, from Dutch mevrouw.
Among speakers of Afrikaans (or, formerly, of Dutch): ‘Mrs’; ‘mistress’; ‘madam’. See also vrou. Cf. meneer.
I. A form of address.
1.
a. A respectful term of address in the third person (avoiding the pronoun ‘you’), a convention used by Dutch- and Afrikaans-speakers when addressing superiors, older people, and strangers.
1797 Lady A. Barnard in Lord Lindsay Lives of Lindsays (1849) III. 409I cannot convince the cooks that so great a lady as ‘my vrouw’ understands anything of the kitchen.
1990 R. Gool Cape Town Coolie 97‘Couldn’t we have the little old, little one?’ ‘If mevrou wishes.’
b. A polite or formal term of address: ‘Madam’.
1862 Lady Duff-Gordon Lett. from Cape (1925) 89Wished ‘Vrolyke tydings, Mevrouw’, most heartily.
1986 F. Karodia Daughters of Twilight 27‘Mevrou,’ Hermanus said, speaking directly to her. ‘I will have your window replaced.’
II. A title.
2.
a. As a respectful term of reference, used without the definite article, as if a name: ‘Madam,’ ‘mistress’.
1862 Lady Duff-Gordon Lett. from Cape (1925) 111There is a fine handsome Van Steen, who is very persevering; but Sally does not seem to fancy becoming Mevrouw at all.
1990 R. Gool Cape Town Coolie 97When she explained that she was a school-teacher, he was impressed and began to call her mevrou...‘Give for mevrou one from that hottentot,’ the fisherman said.
b. With a surname: ‘Mrs’, ‘mistress’.
1910 D. Fairbridge That Which Hath Been (1913) 183Large sash windows each containing innumerable little panes of glass — Mevrouw Huysing’s alternate pride and despair.
1988 D. Hirson in Bunn & Taylor From S. Afr. 100Mevrou Duplessis in an orange polka-dot apron waves Totsiens to them all from the front door.
III. A common noun.
3. An Afrikaans woman, especially an employer. Cf. madam sense 2.
1960 J. Cope Tame Ox 170They would be a little tired rushing to and fro, waiting on the white people. He had seen his mevrou leave earlier in the evening.
1990 Sunday Times 25 Mar. 6‘What would I like after independence,’ she asks. ‘That when I go work for my mevrou, she looks at me like I’m a person’...Someone will still sell swastikas. And plenty of people will still work for the mevrou.
‘Mrs’; ‘mistress’; ‘madam’.
A respectful term of address in the third person (avoiding the pronoun ‘you’), a convention used by Dutch- and Afrikaans-speakers when addressing superiors, older people, and strangers.
‘Madam’.
‘Madam,’ ‘mistress’.
‘Mrs’, ‘mistress’.
An Afrikaans woman, especially an employer.

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17971990
17971990
18621986
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