canna, channaShow more Also canna, channa, gonna, konna.
1.Either of two species of succulents, Sceletium anatomicum or S. tortuosum of the Mesembryanthemaceae, the roots and stems of which were formerly chewed by various peoples, especially the Khoikhoi, for their narcotic effect. Also attributive.
1611P. Floris inR. Raven-HartBefore Van Riebeeck (1967) 55Wee vsed great diligence in seeking of the roote Ningimm..being called of these inhabitants Canna.
1688G. TachardVoy. to Siam 73The captain..sent us..a certain herb which they call Konna [sic]; it is probable that that famous Plant which the Chinese name Ginsseng; for Monsieur Claudius who hath seen it at China, affirms that he found two Plants of it upon the Cape...They use Kanna as frequently as the Indians do Betle and Areka.
1966C.A. SmithCommon Names 276The properties ascribed to Kanna are decidedly those of some species of Sceletium of which Thunberg..first recorded the vernacular name...Thunberg..and Sparrmann..had..described Salsola aphylla under the vernacular name of Kanna...This..confusion..seems to have arisen from the rendering of the original Nederlands spelling Channa (for Salsola aphylla) as Kanna.
1972M.R. Levyns inStd Encycl. of Sn Afr.V. 287‘Gonna’ has..been taken as the equivalent of ‘kanna’, which should rightfully be confined to species of Sceletium, a genus allied to Mesembyanthemum and much prized by the Hottentots for its stimulant action.
Some believe this name to be derived from kannanoun3, or from ganna: see quotations 1844, 1913, and 1967.
1790W. PatersonNarr. of Four Journeys 23This is called, the Channa Land; and derives its name from a species of Mezembryanthimum, which is called Channa by the natives, and is exceedingly esteemed among them.
1913C. PettmanAfricanderisms 249Kannaland, The part of the colony lying between the little Zwaart Berg Range and Touws River, probably so called as being the habitat formerly of the kanna or eland.
1966C.A. SmithCommon Names 276Paterson about 1779 also records that Channaland was so named from the abundance of a plant, one of the Mesembryeae [sic] (Sceletium) growing there.
1967E. RosenthalEncycl. of Sn Afr. 280Kannaland, Portion of the Cape Province between Touws River and the Swartberg. The name is derived from the fact that it used to be inhabited by many Eland (Kanna in Hottentot language).
1989P.E. RaperDict. of Sn Afr. Place Names 86Cannaland, Region extending from Ezeljachtpoort to Platte Kloof, situated north of the Outeniqua Mountains. The name is derived from Khoekhoen and refers to the canna root, an edible type of Mesembryanthemum. Also encountered as Kannaland and Canaan’s Land.
Either of two species of succulents, Sceletium anatomicum or S. tortuosum of the Mesembryanthemaceae, the roots and stems of which were formerly chewed by various peoples, especially the Khoikhoi, for their narcotic effect. Also attributive.
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